Deros

Believers in the theory that Earth has a hollow (Hollow Earth), inhabitable core sometimes also believe in evil creatures called the Deros, which were supposedly created through genetic engineering. Resembling demons, these creatures supposedly visit the surface of the earth to kidnap human beings, whom they then become a subject to a variety of tortures. They also supposedly wreak destruction on the inhabitants of Earth’s surface by using technologically advanced machines hidden in caves to alter weather, alter brain waves to cause mental illness, and cause industrial, traffic, and other accidents. The idea of the Deros originated with Richard Sharpe Shaver, who, in 1943, told the editor of the magazine Amazing Stories that he had seen these beings; their name, he said, was derived from the words detrimental robots, though they were not actually robots but living creatures.

According to Shaver, the creators of the Deros, whom he called the Titans, were beings as tall as 300 feet (91.4m) who had originally come from an ancient yet highly advanced civilization called Lemuria.

12,000 years ago Deros were forced to escape into great caverns under the earth to avoid deadly radiation from the sun. (Some Titans, however, stayed on the surface, adjusted, and became the present human race. Others fled to distant planets.) Deros--demons in all but name and close to it even there-were sadistic idiots who had access to the advanced Titan technology, which they used to increase sexual pleasure during the orgies to which they were addicted. They also used the machines in marathon torture sessions on kidnapped surface people and also on the "teros" (integrative robots, who were not robots but good Titans who, though vastly outnumbered, were fighting the deros); they also employed the machines to cause accidents, madness, and other miseries in the world above the caves.

Shaver believed that the only hope for eliminating the Deros were the Teros, which were also created by the Titans and were heroic humanlike beings who, though small in number, were intent on fighting the Deros. Amazing Stories editor Raymond A. Palmer published many tales based on Shaver’s supposed adventures in the hollow-Earth realm, not only in Amazing Stories but in its sister publication, Fantastic Adventures, as well. (Shaver’s name was on these stories, but they were actually ghostwritten by Palmer.)

A flood of letters crossed Palmer's desk, some from individuals who claimed they, too, had met with the deros and barely lived to tell Amazing about it. Chester S. Geier, one of the magazine's regular contributors, started the Shaver Mystery Club as a way both of handling the mail and of "investigating" the "evidence" for the deros.

The first of these stories, “I Remember Lemuria,” which appeared in Amazing Stories in 1945, prompted a few other people to claim they had encountered the Deros too. However, many of the magazines’ fans complained about the Shaver tales, which increasingly explored the sexually perverse nature of the Deros, and in 1948 the magazines stopped publishing the stories.

Sources :
The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Paranormal Phenomena by Patricia D. Netzley;
http://www.skygaze.com/content/strange/HollowEarth.shtml

Pic Source :
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Amazing0647.jpg
22:02 | 4 komentar

Ball Lightning

Ball lightning, is a strange and so far unexplained natural phenomenon, whose existence some scientists still dispute and no conceivable scientific theory can make sense of the phenomenon. It is usually associated with thunderstorms, but lasts considerably longer than the split-second flash of a lightning bolt. Many of the early reports say that the ball eventually explodes, sometimes with fatal consequences, leaving behind the odor of sulfur. There are records of free-floating glowing balls that occur in total absence of thunderclouds. This occurs commonly in the valley of Hessdalen, Norway. One of the earliest descriptions was reported during The Great Thunderstorm at a church in Widecombe-in-the-Moor, Devon, in England, on 21 October 1638.

Four people died and approximately 60 were injured when, during a severe storm, an 8-foot (2.4 m) ball of fire was described as striking and entering the church, nearly destroying it. Large stones from the church walls were hurled into the ground and through large wooden beams. The ball of fire allegedly smashed the pews and many windows, and filled the church with a foul sulfurous odor and dark, thick smoke. The ball of fire reportedly divided into two segments, one exiting through a window by smashing it open, the other disappearing somewhere inside the church.

In December 1726 a number of British newspapers printed an extract of a letter from John Howell of the sloop Catherine and Mary:“As we were coming thro’ the Gulf of Florida on the 29th of August, a large ball of fire fell from the Element and split our mast in Ten Thousand Pieces, if it were possible; split our Main Beam, also Three Planks of the Side, Under Water, and Three of the Deck; kill’d one man, another had his Hand carried of, and had it not been for the violent rains, our Sails would have been of a Blast of Fire.”

One particularly large example was reported "on the authority of Dr. Gregory" in 1749: “Admiral Chambers on board the Montague, November 4, 1749, was taking an observation just before noon...he observed a large ball of blue fire about three miles distant from them. They immediately lowered their topsails, but it came up so fast upon them, that, before they could raise the main tack, they observed the ball rise almost perpendicularly, and not above forty or fifty yards from the main chains when it went off with an explosion, as great as if a hundred cannons had been discharged at the same time, leaving behind it a strong sulphurous smell. By this explosion the main top-mast was shattered into pieces and the main mast went down to the keel. Five men were knocked down and one of them much bruised. Just before the explosion, the ball seemed to be the size of a large mill-stone.”

The first investigator to describe ball lightning in the scientific literature was G. W. Richman, a Russian. Tragically and ironically, his interest led to his death. The incident took place in 1754 during a thunderstorm,when Richman was attempting to measure the energy of a lightning strike. While the experiment was under way, ball lightning appeared and traveled down the string, struck Richmann's forehead and killed him. The ball left a red spot on Richmann's forehead, his shoes were blown open, and his clothing was singed. His engraver was knocked unconscious. The door frame of the room was split and the door was torn from its hinges.

An English journal reported that during an 1809 storm, three "balls of fire" appeared and "attacked" the British ship HMS Warren Hastings. The crew watched one ball descend, killing a man on deck and setting the main mast on fire. A crewman went out to retrieve the fallen body and was struck by a second ball, which knocked him back and left him with mild burns. A third man was killed by contact with the third ball. Crew members reported a persistent, sickening sulfur smell afterward.

In Paris in July 1849, during an electric storm, a red ball hovered about twenty feet above a tree. Abruptly it caught fire, burned up, and burst open, freeing jagged streaks of lightning to shoot in all directions. One hit a nearby house and blew a cannon-sized hole in it.What remained of the ball started to spin and spark and then exploded with great force, knocking down three pedestrians.

On July 5, 1852, an incident occurred moments after hearing a sound like a thunderclap, a Parisian man reportedly witnessed an extraordinary sight: a fireball the size of a human head emerging from the fireplace of his fourth-story Paris apartment. It pushed aside the frame covering and darted toward him “like a cat.” He hastily withdrew his feet, and the ball moved to the center of the room. Though bright, it gave off no discernible heat. It ascended slightly, headed back to the fireplace, and rose up the chimney, exploding just before it escaped into the open air. It caused considerable damage to the chimney top.

At 6:30 p.m. on October 8, 1919, at a busy downtown intersection in Salina, Kansas, a “ball of fire as large as a washtub floating low in the air” struck the side of a building, ripped out bricks, and demolished a second-story window. It then exploded with a “bang that resembled the noise made by the discharge of a large pistol, filling the air with balls of fire as large as baseballs,which floated away in all directions,” according to a Monthly Weather Review correspondent in the October 1919 issue. “Some of these balls followed trolley and electric-light wires in a snaky sort of manner and some simply floated off through the air independently of any objects near by.An electric switch box across the street was ripped open and a transformer destroyed, leaving the east side of the town in darkness.”

In the summer of 1960, as Louise Matthews of South Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, lay on her living room couch, she looked up to see a huge red ball coming through a window and the Venetian blinds, both closed and neither damaged in any way by the object’s passage.When the ball,which was making a sizzling sound, passed by her,Mrs.Matthews felt a tingling on the back of her neck. She put her hand to the spot but felt nothing. The ball went through the living room and into the dining room, exiting — again without damage — through a closed window. She called her husband, who came home from work to find the back of her hand burned. The hair at the back of her head fell out, leaving the skin there as smooth as that in the front of her face.

During a violent early-evening thunderstorm on August 12, 1970, a “red ball of fire” appeared above Sidmouth, England, crackled for a few seconds, then exploded with a deafening roar. Jagged flashes of lightning shot from it toward the ground. At that moment 2,500 area television sets were cut off.

A particularly dramatic incident took place in January 1984 inside a Russian passenger plane. The crew saw a glowing light, four inches in diameter, in front of the cockpit. It suddenly vanished with a deafening roar, only to reappear seconds later — after piercing the fuselage in some mysterious fashion — in the passengers’ lounge. As the passengers looked up in disbelief, the spherical object sailed above their heads until it got to the tail section, where it divided into two glowing crescents. The crescents then merged into a single object and departed. Later, when mechanics examined the aircraft, they found a hole in front of the fuselage and another in the tail.

An attempt to explain ball lightning was made by Nikola Tesla in 1904, but there is at present no widely-accepted explanation for the phenomenon. Several theories have been advanced since it was brought into the scientific realm by the English Physician and electrical researcher William Snow Harris in 1843, and French Academy scientist François Arago in 1855.

Much of the problem of explaining (as opposed to explaining away) the ball-lightning phenomenon has to do with the varying descriptions witnesses have given. The ball either explodes loudly or vanishes silently; it is white, orange, red, blue, or purple; it is small or it is large; it survives for a few seconds or a couple of minutes. “These may seem like trivial distinctions,” science writer Gordon Stein observes, “but they cause theorists no end of difficulties. Explanations that will work for a ball of one second’s duration, for example, cannot account for a 10-second ball.” A ball that lasts one minute or more “requires an energy content so high that there is no known way for it to be formed.”

Sources :
Unexplained : “Strange Sightings, Incredible Occurences & Puzzling Physical Phenomena” by Jerome Clark;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ball_lightning

Pic Source :
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ball_lightning.png
22:41 | 0 komentar

The Abduction of Antonio Villas Boas

The first UFO abduction to be publicly revealed occurred in a remote area of São Paulo, Brazil. On October 5, 1957, young farmer Antonio Villas Boas and his brother both observed a strange glowing object hovering over their farm. The next night, the UFO returned. This time, it hovered directly over their home, lighting up the inside like daylight. Then, on October 7, 1957, Antonio was plowing the fields very late, at around 1:00 a.m., when the UFO appeared again. This time, the object hovered over the tractor, and then landed in the field. Antonio could then see that it was a “strange type of machine.” It was large, egg-shaped, covered with colored lights and stood on three metal legs. Antonio tried to drive away, but suddenly his tractor engine died. Antonio then jumped out of the tractor and tried to run away. Suddenly, he was surrounded by several short figures dressed in tight-fitting gray jumpsuits and dark helmets. They quickly grabbed Antonio and pulled him aboard the craft.

Once inside the craft, Villas Boas said that he was stripped of his clothes and covered from head-to-toe with a strange gel. He was then led into a large semicircular room, through a doorway that had strange red symbols written over it. (Villas Boas claimed that he was able to memorize these symbols and later reproduced them for investigators.) In this room the beings took samples of Villas Boas' blood from his chin. After this he was then taken to a third room and left alone for around half an hour. During this time, some kind of gas was pumped into the room, which made Villas Boas become violently ill.

Shortly after this, Villas Boas claimed that he was joined in the room by another humanoid. This one, however, was female, very attractive, and naked. She was the same height as the other beings he had encountered, with a small, pointed chin and large, blue catlike eyes. The hair on her head was long and white (somewhat like platinum blonde) but her underarm and pubic hair were bright red. Villas Boas said he was strongly attracted to the woman, and the two had sexual intercourse. When it was all over, the female smiled at Villas Boas. The female seemed relieved that their "task" was over, and Villas Boas himself felt angered by the situation.

Villas Boas said that he was then given back his clothing and taken on a tour of the ship by the humanoids. Afterwards, he was led out of the room and taken on a short tour of the craft. He was shown the engine room, which he was unable to understand. During this tour he said that he attempted to take a clock-like device as proof of his encounter, but was caught by the humanoids and prevented from doing so. He was then escorted off the ship and watched as it took off, glowing brightly. When Villas Boas returned home, he discovered that four hours had passed.

In the aftermath, Antonio suffered a number of physical symptoms including insomnia, extreme thirst, loss of appetite, vomiting, eye irritation, and a strange rash. He also had a minor puncture wound where the E.T.s had taken a blood sample. The case was reported to a local doctor, who contacted UFO investigators. And so the world’s first actual UFO abduction case came to light, but because it was so bizarre and totally unique, it was largely ignored by the public.

Villas Boas was able to recall every detail of his purported experience without the need for hypnotic regression. Further, Villas Boas' experience occurred in 1957, which was still several years before the famous Betty and Barney Hill abduction which made the concept of alien abduction famous and opened the door to many other reports of similar experiences.

Sources :
Mysteries, Legends, and Unexplained Phenomena : “UFOs and Aliens” by Preston Dennett;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_Villas_Boas

Pic source :
http://www.ufocasebook.com/boas2.jpg
06:59 | 2 komentar

Holy Vehm

In the middle of the 13th century and at the height of Templar power, Westphalia in Germany was suffering from a state of lawlessness and oppression from loosened warriors, mercenaries and bands of outlaws. It seemed no innocent man could travel between the rivers Rhine and Weser, and so the Chivalrous Order of the Holy Vehm or Fehm was secretly created to encounter this state of affairs. It was created by ex-outlaws and freemen who now had families and business concerns of their own to worry about and so, with the initial backing and aid of the Holy Church, they took up arms and horse and chased down the tyrants. The name “Vehm” or “Fehm” was a corruption of the Latin word “fama,” a law founded upon a common or agreed upon opinion. However, “Fehm” could also mean something that was set apart, and the leaders of the Holy Vehm soon decided that their crusade against evildoers had set them apart and above the laws that governed others. The word vëme first appears in the Middle High German literature of the 13th century as a noun with the meaning of "punishment".

A document dated to 1251 has the reference illud occultum judicium, quod vulgariter vehma seu vridinch appellari consuevit. ("It is hidden justice, that by common fashion is habitually referred to as vehma or vridinch.")

The general meaning of "punishment" is unrelated to the special courts of Westphalia which were thus originally just named "courts of punishment". But as the word entered the Southern German dialects via Saxony and Westphalia, the word's meaning in Early Modern German became attached to the activities of these courts specifically. The peak of activity of these courts was during the 14th to 15th centuries, with lesser activity attested for the 13th and 16th centuries, and scattered evidence establishing their continued existence during the 17th and 18th centuries. They were finally abolished by order of Jérôme Bonaparte, king of Westphalia, in 1811.

In the beginning, the resistance group had the approval of both the church and the Holy Roman emperor. Eventually the Holy Vehm began to take the law into their own hands and held secrets sessions wherein they judged those they had caught and sentenced them often to death. Because the society began with only a handful of members and violent retaliation could be expected from any gang of outlaws who might learn the identities of those commoners who dared to oppose them, an oath of secrecy was imposed upon all those with the courage to join the ranks of the Vehm.

During the initiation the candidate would swear on oath to kill himself and his family should be reveal himself to be a member of the Holy Vehm. The judge or Stuhlherren would then place his sword across the candidate’s throats and draw a few drops of blood to seal the oath and serve as a reminder of the judgement he would receive. The initiate would then kiss the cross on the hilt. These oaths were often held in caves or the depths of the forests, and went something like this :
“I swear to be faithful to the secret Tribunal, to defend it against myself, against water, sun, moon, stars, foliage of trees, all living beings, all that God has created between heaven and earth; against father, mother, brothers, sisters, wife, children, finally all men, the head of the Empire alone excepted; to uphold the judgement of the secret tribunal, to aid in its executions…”

Below the Stuhlherren in rank were the deputy judges, the Freischoffen, and the executioners, the Frohnboten. The deputy judges and the executioners carried out the various tasks of inquisitors, jury, and hangman. Within a few decades of its formation, the Vehm had more than 200,000 free men and commoners in its ranks—each man sworn to uphold the Ten Commandments and to eliminate all heresies, heretics, perjurers, traitors, and servants of Satan. Once anyone was suspected of violating one or more of the Lord’s commandments or laws, he or she was brought before one of the Holy Vehm’s courts and was unlikely to escape the death sentence to be hanged. Because of the great power that the Vehm acquired, it conducted trials of noted outlaws and thieves unopposed in public places, such as village squares or market places, in the full light of midday.

Before suspects came to court, they were served with three summonses, each of which gave them the opportunity of attending voluntarily. Each summons also gave the accused a period of consent of six weeks and three days. Those who tried to escape were condemned without the usual pretense of a trial and Vehm executioners were assigned to hunt them down.

Because the tribunals of the Vehm were willing to accept the weakest of circumstantial evidence against any individual accused of a crime or an act of heresy, there appears to be no record of any of the secret courts ever finding anyone innocent. While no accurate records of their victims were ever kept, historians have estimated that thousands of men and women—the innocent along with the guilty—were dragged into the night to attend one of the Vehm’s secret courts.

Regardless of the charges levied against those victims the Vehm accused, the sentence was always death. And if any spoke in defense of their friends, they were likely to be hanged as well, for giving false witness to defend a heretic or a traitor. On those rare occasions when the tribunal failed to convince even its own members of an accused individual’s guilt, that unfortunate person was hanged to preserve the secrecy of the tribunal.

Eventually the Holy Vehm was condemned by the church and the German state, but the secret society remained active in a greatly diminished capacity. They remained, hidden and secret, being heard of in the early 19th century when the French under Jerome Bonaparte legislated against them at Munster.

Toward the end of the nineteenth century, they seemingly ceased all acts of violence. But they reemerged again with true vengeance in the 1930’s with the rise of the Nazi in Germany. For the first time in its 700-year history the Vehm came into the open, focusing its bigotry upon the Jewish people, judging them to be guilty of heresy.

Sources :
Secret Societies : Gardiner’s Forbidden Knowledge by Philip Gardiner;
The Gale Encyclopedia of Unusual and Unexplained Vol. 2 by Brad Steiger and Sherry Hansen Steiger;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vehmic_court

Pic Source :
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:League_of_the_Holy_Court.JPG
18:11 | 0 komentar

Inca Treasure

There are several stories, myths that talk about hidden gold and "lost Inca treasures", even hidden Inca cities that are full of gold, silver and precious stones. The scholars have been eager to locate the last hiding place of the Incas (Vitcos or Vilcabamba) because the local rumour goes that the last ruler had buried his treasures there. How far is the statement true, is still unknown. The place has still not been unearthed. Thus, even till this day the controversy remains open. Nobody has or could so far authoritatively prove the place where the last Inca ruler hid his treasures. The Inca lived in mountainous terrain, which is not good for farming. To resolve this problem, terraces were cut into steep slopes, known as andenes, in order to plant crops. They also used irrigation. They grew maize, quinoa, squash, tomatoes, peanuts, chili peppers, melons, cotton, and potatoes. Though all of their agriculture was important, their main food source was potatoes, unlike the Maya and the Aztecs, whose main food source was maize. The Inca was the first civilization to plant and harvest potatoes. Quinoa was also a main crop. They would use their seeds to make different foods.

Spanish conquistadors led by Francisco Pizarro explored south from Panama, reaching Inca territory by 1526. It was clear that they had reached a wealthy land with prospects of gr
eat treasure. Inca was a powerful kingdom in America. But by 1527, a virulent epidemic swept Peru. It claimed the life of the emperor, Huayna Capac Inca and his successor Ninan Cuyachi. In the confusion that prevailed, Huayna Capac's two sons seized power. Huascar became ruler and Atahualpa took the command of the imperial army. Both the brothers tried to usurp the power from the other.

After one more expedition in 1529, Pizarro returned to Spain and received royal approval to conquer the Inca region and become its viceroy. At the time the Spanish returned to Peru in 1532, a war of succession between Huayna Capac's son Huascar and half brother Atahualpa was in full swing. Additionally, unrest among newly conquered territories, and smallpox, spreading from Central America, had considerably weakened the empire. The Spanish invaders told the Inca that the diseases decimating their population were sent from the Christian god as punishment for their idolatrous ways.

In 1532 the Spanish Conquistador Francisco Pizarro seized Atahualpa. Atahualpa was eager to get himself released. For this purpose he lured the Spanish Conquistador. Atahualpa filled up a room with gold, jewellery, jars, pots, tiles and plaques and filled another room with silver. Pizarro accumulated the wealth and planned a plot against Atahualpa. He accused Atahualpa of plotting against him and had him killed. He then appointed Huascar's brother Manco as successor to the slain emperor. Manco's fate was no better than of Atahualpa. He was subjected to daily insults and harassment.

The frightened Manco when attempting to flee the capital was overtaken and imprisoned but he did not accept defeat. He plotted revenge and in 1536, Manco very smartly took the permission to pay homage to the ancient Gods at Yucay Valley. Manco promised to bring back the life-sized gold statue of Huayna Capac. Pizarro's judgment betrayed him at this point. The lust of gold had blinded him. He gave permission and within days Manco assembled an army of 100,000 strong men. He attacked the Spaniards and thus began a struggle led first by Manco and later by his sons that was to last 36 years -1536 to 1572.

The Spanish forces under Rodrigo Orgonez forced Manco to flee again to the valley of the Vilcabamba. They indulged in loot and plunder at Vitcos. And when they returned to Cuzco in July 1537, Manco and the remnants of his army disappeared into the mountains. In the court of Francisco Pizarro, human greed played its wicked role. The insatiable hunger for gold and empire led the Spanish to indulge in killing one another. Pizarro was murdered and when Manco soldiers heard this news they burst into Pizarro's palace and hacked him to death with their swords. Some of the Spanish soldiers were taken prisoner. From them Inca army learnt the fighting techniques. Manco himself learnt to ride a horse and fire an arquebus (an old fashioned hand gun). But even this blessing proved to be shortlived. Soon the fresh Spanish forces arrived from Spain and Manco was finally killed. Then the reins of rebellion was undertaken by Manco's son - Sayri Tupac.

Some years later Sayri Tupac accepted the Spanish offer. He was pardoned and taken to Cuzco, where a Christian marriage with Cusi Huarcay was formalized. This marriage proved shortlived. After two years Sayri Tupac died (or was killed?) on his estate in the Yucay Valley. After this death, second son of Manco Titu Cusi succeeded to the Inca throne. He died after eleven years and the succession passed on to Tupac Amaru, another son of the Manco. He was the last Inca emperor who led a strong crusade against the Conquistadors, which his father had started three decades earlier.

In March 1572, the new viceroy of Peru, Francisco de Toledo, sent an emissary to Vilcabamba. But Toledo's envoy could not reach Vilcabamba. Inca soldiers intercepted and killed him. This enraged the new viceroy so much that he launched a brutal assault on the Inca's citadel. The Spaniards entered the gates of Vilcabamba and were received by the smoking ruins of a deserted town only. Tupac Amaru with his followers had already fled into the vast Amazon jungle - only to escape death for a short-time. He was ultimately caught and beheaded before a huge crowd of prostrate Indians. Surprisingly, despite such political intrigues, none of the Spanish Colonial maps shows the exact location of Vilcabamba or Vitcos. And the search for these two places has been very vital for archaeologists and scholars for they believe that the last ruler buried his treasure there.

In 1768 a theory was put forward that the legendary city of Vilcabamba was the ruins at Choqquequirau - situated in the steep range near Apurimac river. American scholar, Hiram Bingham started the search for Apurimac region in 1909. He found in the jungle the infested ruins of Choqquequirau. But Lima historian, Don Carlos Romero and Bingham himself did not believe that Choqquequirau was Vilcabamba for the description of the 16th century writers just did not correspond with the area discovered.

However, Bingham re-read the accounts and restarted his search. On the way he met an Indian, named Melchor Anteaga. He offered to reveal the secret to him and guided Bingham to some ruins in the hollow peak towering more than 2,000 ft. above the Urubamba. These ruins were no doubt exemplary in their construction and beauty, but that it was the last city of Vilcabamba was doubtful.

As late as in 1964, the question of Vilcabamba again propped up. A group of farmers who set out in search of arable land in the north of Peru came across some unknown ruins. They named these ruins as Gran Pajaten. This newly discovered city is situated on a crescent-shaped cliff about 9,500 ft. above the sea level. Its architecture is round with paved paths, short flights of steps and small squares. An aerial survey showed that there were many ruins at Gran Pajaten. About 3,000 have been so far recorded. They are scattered over seven hills and are linked by a roadway. This roadway is in some places not more than 4 yards wide and disappears into the forest.

Still unsatisfied with the discovery, Americans started a new expedition in 1964-65. The expedition was led by General savoy. He started where Bingham left, identified the ruins discovered by Bingham at Espiritu Pampa and based his assumptions on several pieces of evidence. He observed the walls, the ceramics, the art and related them with several reports furnished by the Spanish writers. He finally drew the conclusion that Espiritu Pampa was, infact, Vilcabamba. But several researchers do not agree with his hastily drawn conclusions. Only recently, one of the General Savoy's guides discovered yet another lost city with an area of just over a square mile. The entrance to this town is cut out of a single block of stone and instead of being trapezoid shaped in the Inca tradition this is in the form of a half moon. Some scholars put forward a theory that it could have been an attempt to build an arch, a sign of the presence of Spanish influence. The Indians who live there call it Hatun Vilcabamba, meaning Great on High, not all agree to this suggestion.

Some Inca artifacts found in the past were solid gold or silver, decorated with precious stones (for instance, emeralds). The value of some of these objects cannot be easily calculated, but it is highly probable that some larger items are worth millions of US dollars.

The Indians who claim to be the only legitimate heir of Inca tradition do not agree with the several finds. According to them, the Inca treasures lay at the bottom of a lake which only they could approach. Even the Peruvian archaeologists do not make any remarks. They remain silent as there are many more ruins which are yet to be dissected.

Sources :
World Famous Unsolved Mysteries by Abhay Kumar Dubcy;
http://www.rediscovermachupicchu.com/inca-treasures.htm;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inca_civilization

Pic Source :
http://www.ucalgary.ca/applied_history/tutor/imagevoy/inca2.gif
07:09 | 2 komentar

Lindorms

In the mid-eighteenth century Erik Pontoppidan, the bishop of Bergen, Norway, and author of Forsog paa Norges naturalige Historie, remarked on a belief held by residents of the Nordic coast. Sea serpents, he wrote, “they are not generated in the sea, but on land, and when they are grown so big that they cannot move about on the rocks, they then go into the sea, and afterwards attain their full growth.” Many farmers, he went on, had seen land snakes of “several fathoms length.” They called these “the Lindormen/Lindorms, or great snake.” Similar creatures also lived in the freshwater lakes of Scandinavia, according to popular lore. In modern Scandinavian languages, the cognate lindorm can refer to any 'serpent' or monstrous snake, but in Norwegian heraldry, it is also a technical term for a 'sea serpent' (sjøorm), although it may also stand for a 'lindworm' in British heraldry. Generally, the word lindworm stood for the Latin word draco (whence Norse dreki), thus could refer to any draconic creature, from a real life constrictor snake to a legendary dragon. In European mythology and folklore, creatures identified as a 'lindworm' may be winged or wingless, plus quadrapedal, bipedal or limbless.

In many descriptions, the lindworm is wingless, with a poisonous bite, like a poisonous snake or Komodo dragon. The dragon Fáfnir from the Norse Völsunga saga appears in the German Nibelungenlied as a lindwurm that lived near Worms. A German tale from the 13th century tells of a lindworm that lived near Klagenfurt. Flooding threatened travelers along the river, and the presence of a dragon was blamed. The story tells that a Duke offered a reward for anyone who could capture it, so some young men tied a bull to a chain, and when the lindworm swallowed the bull, it was hooked like a fish and killed. The head of a 1590 lindworm statue in Klagenfurt is modeled on the skull of a wooly rhinoceros found in a nearby quarry in 1335. It has been cited as the earliest reconstruction of an extinct animal.

Such creatures, or at any rate beliefs in such creatures, persisted well into the nineteenth century. They figured not only in legends but also in a body of firsthand reports. In 1885 the Swedish scientist and folklorist Gunnar Olof Hylten-Cavallius, author of (in English translation) On the Dragon, Also Called the Lindorm, published forty-eight verbatim accounts, half of them involving multiple witnesses, and offered this summary: In Varend [in southern Sweden] — and probably in other parts of Sweden as well — a species of giant snakes, called dragons or lindorms, continues to exist.

Usually the lindorm is about 10 feet long but specimens of 18 or 20 feet have been observed. His body is as thick as a man’s thigh; his color is black with a yellow-flamed belly. Old specimens wear on their necks an integument of long hair or scales, frequently likened to a horse’s mane.He has a flat, round or squared head, a divided tongue, and a mouthfull of white, shining teeth. His eyes are large and saucer-shaped with a frightfully wild and sparkling stare.His tail is short and stubby and the general shape of the creature is heavy and unwieldy.

Hylten-Cavallius’s reports indicated that the lindorm (sometimes spelled lindwurm) was powerful and ill-tempered. “When alarmed,” he wrote, “he gives off a loud hissing sound and contracts his body until it lies in billows; then he raises himself on his tail four or six feet up and pounces upon his prey.” The creature had large, protruding, hypnotic eyes and a head variously described as catlike or horselike, with a mane. It was most likely to be encountered in wild, unpopulated areas such as marshes, swamps, caves, and lakes. Such encounters usually traumatized witnesses, often making them physically ill or afflicting them with nightmares for years afterwards. Lindorms,which could be slain only with great difficulty, gave off an appalling stench in death.

Convinced that these were reports of real animals — the witnesses included a member of the Swedish parliament and other presumably reliable individuals — Hylten-Cavallius distributed a poster that offered a reward for a lindorm’s remains. From his perspective this was a perfectly reasonable approach with a good chance of success; after all, twelve of his reports concerned the killings of such creatures. But no takers stepped forward.

“There is no truly satisfactory explanation for these 19th-Century lindorm reports,” a modern Swedish writer, Sven Rosen, observed before suggesting they may arise from “hallucinations such as those caused by epileptic fits.” He added, “One major problem with this psychological explanation” is the multiple-witness accounts. “Many of the 31 additional cases with which I am familiar also had multiple witnesses. One can speak of ‘collective hallucination’ without effectively explaining anything.”

To folklorist Michel Meurger, the nineteenth-century lindorm reports were part of the “process of the naturalization of dragons,” blending “archaic and modern elements. The traditional attributes of the monster are preserved, but the creature is now conceived more as a snake than as a supernatural creature.” In his view witnesses may have been “projecting traditional fabulous creatures onto local animals [such as grass snakes] perceived as monsters under specific sighting conditions.”

Sources :
Unexplained! : Strange Sightings, Incredible Occurences & Puzzling Physical Phenomena by Jerome Clark;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lindworm

Pic Source :
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5c/Lindwurm.jpg/502px-Lindwurm.jpg
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