The book of Enoch is an Apochryphal book of the Old Testament, written in Hebrew about a century before Christ. The original version was lost about the end of the fourth century, and only fragments remained, but Bruce the traveller brought back a copy from Abyssinia, in 1773 in Ethiopia, probably made from the version known to the early Greek fathers. The book told of the order of angels called “Watchers,” or “The Sleepless Ones.” The leader was the chief of the giant (Nephilim) called Semjaza or Samyasa (also known as Azazel, one of the Hebrews’ principal demons), is equivalent to Ahriman, Satan or Lucifer who led 200 Watchers down to Earth to take wives from among the daughters of men and their offspring called the Anakim. It was from such a union that the Nephilim, the heroes of old, as well as the ancient practitioners of sorcery, were born. The fallen angels taught their wives to cast various spells and to practice the arts of enchantment.
The book says: " that there were angels who consented to fall from, heaven that they might have intercourse with the daughters of earth. For in those days the sons of men having multiplied, there were born to them daughters of great beauty. And when the angels, or sons of heaven, beheld them, they were filled with desire; wherefore they said to one another: Come let us choose wives from among the race of man, and let us beget children'. Their leader Samyasa, answered thereupon and said: ' Perchance you will be wanting in the courage needed to fulfill this resolution, and then I alone shall be answerable for your fall.' But they swore that they would in no wise repent and that they would achieve their whole design. Now there were 200 who descended on Mount Hermon (or Armon), and it was from this time that the mountain received its designation, which signifies Mount of the Oath.
Hereinafter follow the names of those angelic leaders who descended with this object: Samyasa, chief among all, Urakabarameel, Azibeel, Tamiel, Ramuel, Danel, Azkeel, Sprakuyal, Asael, Armers, Batraal, Ananc, Zavebe, Sameveel, Ertrael, Turel, Jomiael, Arizial. They took wives with whom they had intercourse, to whom also they taught Magic, the art of enchantment and the diverse properties of roots and trees. Just as Prometheus presented man with fire, Samyasa did not neglect human men, so they teach them how to create weapons and tools of destruction. He released to humankind the secrets of metallurgy, the manufacture of weapons and jewelry, and the use of antimony in art and medicine. He also taught women the art of cosmetics to seduce men. For these transgressions, the archangels Michael, Gabriel, Raphael and Uriel appeal to God to punish the offspring of the Nephilim and the fallen angels on earth. God sent Uriel to instruct Noah to build a large ship and tell him of the coming Great Flood (cataclysm) to cleanse the world from evil and then God condemned Azazel to remain forever bound in the desert of Dûdâêl.
|A page from Greek Manuscript of the Book of Enoch|
The name Hermon derives from the Laconian dialect for stone heap. Archeologists discovered such a heap of hewn stone within the ruins of a circular wall on one of the three secondary peaks. In fact, all monumental walls and buildings built of ashlars, or cut stones, represent Hermon. He is also equivalent to Hermes, or Thoth-Hermes, the biblical Ham.
A translation of the Book of Enoch was published by Archbishop Lawrence in 1821, the Etheopic text in 1838, and there is a good edition by Dillman (1851). Philippi and Ewald have also written special works on the subject and the only known statute of the leader of the Watchers is in the choir of Rosslyn Chapel, in Scotland.
Encyclopedia of Ancient and Forbidden Secrets by Nye;
The Alchemy Key: “Unravelling the Single Tangible Secret in All Mysteries” by Stuart Nettleton;
The Gale Encyclopedia of the Unusual and Unexplained by Brad Steiger and Sherry Hansen Steiger;