Reptoids

Though fairly rare, accounts of reptilian bipeds crop up from time to time, usually in brief sighting reports. Also known as Reptilion. Theorized to originate from inner earth. But the idea of such creatures was current at least as early as 1878, when Louisville’s Metropolitan Theater exhibited the “Wild Man of the Woods,” described as six feet, five inches tall and covered with “fish scales.” Other witnesses said six to nine feet in height with an appearance like a giant lizard. Presumably this reptile man was an ordinary man garbed for the occasion, which was the culling of cash from the credulous, but nearly a century later, residents of tiny Milton,Kentucky, north of Louisville, reported seeing a bipedal “giant lizard.”

In his book Agartha, Robert E. Dickhoff tells of a Tibetan monk who learned that an alliance of reptilians and “human” black magicians were causing chaos and destruction in the surface societies by projecting malevolent energy fields into people’s minds using that which we call witchcraft–the manipulation of energy. Dickhoff says that the monk led 400 warrior-monks into the caverns to do battle with this “serpent cult.”

In 1954 archaeologists on an expedition along the Amazon River encountered a bizarre aquatic biped with gills and scales. In November 1958 a Riverside, California, man driving in a car near the Santa Ana River was attacked by a similar creature, with a “round, scarecrowish head,” shiny eyes, and scales. It left long scratches on his windshield, and as he accelerated, he hit it and drove over it. The first story is from a classic science-fiction film,Universal’s The Creature from the Black Lagoon (1954). The second is supposed to have happened in real life to an alleged witness named Charles Wetzel. The following evening another motorist claimed that the same kind of monster jumped out of the bushes at his car.

On August 21, 1955,Mrs.Darwin Johnson was swimming when a clawlike hand gripped her knee from below the water and pulled her under. She struggled with the unseen grabber and managed to free herself,but no sooner had she come to the surface than she was dragged down again. She was able to lunge at a friend’s inner tube, and the thump she made on contact with it apparently scared the attacker away. Though never observed, the creature left a green palm stain on Mrs. Johnson’s knee and scratches and marks for which she sought medical attention.

Northeast of Cincinnati, in Loveland,Ohio, along the Miami River, reports of more or less reptilian bipeds have been made since at least 1955,when a driver returning home from work at 3:30 a.m. on May 25 reported that he had spotted three grotesque-looking creatures with lopsided chests, wide, lipless, froglike mouths, and wrinkles rather than hair on their heads. One held a spark-generating, bar-shaped device above itself.He watched them from his parked car for three minutes before leaving to alert Loveland Police Chief John Fritz. As he did so, he smelled a strong odor reminiscent of “fresh-cut alfalfa, with a slight trace of almonds.” Fritz found nothing but was nonetheless convinced of the witness’s sincerity.

Nearly seventeen years later, on March 3, 1972, at 1 a.m., two Loveland police officers encountered something comparable: a four-foot-tall, frog-faced biped with textured leathery skin. They saw it jump over a guard rail and descend an embankment leading to the Little Miami River. About two weeks later one of the officers saw the thing again, first lying in the road, then getting up to go over a guard rail. He took a shot at it but apparently missed. A local farmer also reported seeing such a creature.

In the summer of 1972, at Thetis Lake, British Columbia, there were two reports of a silver-colored creature that emerged from the water, in the first instance (on August 19) to chase a couple of young men from the beach. One supposedly suffered lacerations in the hand from six sharp points atop the thing’s head. A witness to the second incident, on August 23, said it was “shaped like an ordinary body, like a human being body, but it had a monster face, and it was all scaly.” It had a sharp point on its head and “great big ears.”

The following summer, people in the Newton-Lafayette area of New Jersey told of encounters with a giant creature that looked like a cross between a man and an alligator.

Sources:
Atlantis, Alien Visitation and Genetic Manipulation by Michael Tsarion;
Mysteries, Legends and Unexplained Phenomena: “UFO and Aliens” by Preston Dennett;
Unexplained: "Strange Sightings, Incredible Occurences & Puzzling Phenomena" by Jerome Clark

Pic Sources:
Unexplained: "Strange Sightings, Incredible Occurences & Puzzling Phenomena" by Jerome Clark page 499
05:57 | 0 komentar

Ancient City of Catal Huyuk

In 1950 an expedition excavating south of Damascus  proved that an urban center existed in the 4th century B.C., just southeast of the city we know today. Archaeological attempts continue to determine more closely when, during the period from 8,000 B.C. to 400 B.C., the first ‘city’ arose. Pottery has been turned up pre-dating the latter date, and also found were the remains of a highly advanced irrigation system which had been improved and extended by successive rulers throughout the ensuing centuries. Damascus first came under Western control when the armies of Alexander the Great captured it in 323 B.C.. The history of the city from that time on became a list of foreign conquerors. From the Persians, it passed to the Mamelukes, the Mongols, to the Greeks and then the Romans. The city was taken by Muslim soldiers in A.D. 635 and has remained in Muslim custody ever since.

In 1961, another British archaeologist, James Mellaart, began digging at a site containing large mounds on a plateau in Central Anatolia in what today is Turkey. It was not an impressive sight, a pitted, gullied area amid a rolling plain of wheat fields. But Mellaart was confident that the mounds concealed settlements abandoned even before the beginning of the Bronze Age, and his confidence was soon justified. A settlement dated at 5400 B.C. was discovered—and the work continued at an increased pace, the archeologists electrified by the uncovering of a time that pre-dated any discovery yet made. To their amazement, still another settlement beneath it was unearthed, dating from an even earlier period.

Further excavation revealed yet another city beneath that and the extraordinary series of discoveries continued until no less than thirteen levels, each representing an earlier city, were exposed! The earliest of these dated back to 6800 B.C.

James Mellaart continued his work for four years, until 1965. Legal problems intervened then, concerning his publication of drawings of Bronze Age artifacts which later disappeared—the now infamous ‘Dorak Affair.’

The site lay idle until September in 1993 when digging re-commenced under the leadership of Ian Hodder and a team from the University of Cambridge. Hodder’s team undertook a completely different and more thorough approach. Whereas Mellaart had excavated two hundred buildings in four seasons, Hodder spent an entire season unearthing only one building.

Today, barely one acre out of a 32-acre site has been excavated. Nevertheless, even though new research from India may cast doubt on the proposition, most conventional archaeologists are currently convinced that the spot is in fact the mother city of civilized life on earth, the ancestress of all cities and the center of the first great prehistoric civilization. The amount of knowledge gathered from the two periods of excavation has been enormous and it seems to give us a glimpse of just what life was like at the dawn of modern mankind’s sojourn on earth, long before recorded history—as far back as nine thousand years ago.

Leopard Dance Painting

The inhabitants of earth’s first city were apparently aware of their precarious location. A landscape painting on the wall of a shrine in Catal Huyuk shows that they knew of the twin volcanoes less than a hundred miles away from their city. The painting depicts smoke rising. At least they were able to take advantage of previous eruptions as indicated by the many ax heads, knife blades, scrapers and other tools and weapons made from obsidian, the volcanic glass spewed out by volcanic action, which were found at the site.

This complex settlement seems to have had a population of close to 10,000 at its peak. This figure must have varied but was in all likelihood never less than 5,000 throughout most of the duration of Catal Huyuk’s period of activity which had a number of intriguing variations.

The top layers of the mound, that is, those containing the most recent buildings, are dated to 5,600 B.C.. The city was mysteriously and suddenly abandoned at about this time and a new city, designated Catal Huyuk West was founded several miles away across the Carsamba Cay River. The most likely reason for the desertion would seem to have been volcanic eruption from Hasan Dag, the nearby twin-coned volcano, but the argument has been raised that in this case, the new city would surely have been located further away. Catal Huyuk West was apparently occupied for about 700 years, then it too, was abandoned, again for no obvious reason.

About 4,900 B.C., the entire region was deserted, again without explanation. The oldest layer has been dated to before 6,500 B.C. and it is thought that the site was occupied for several hundred years at the least before that and possibly even several millennia. Consequently, the full duration of Catal Huyuk’s existence can be said to stretch approximately from 7,000 B.C. to 4,900 B.C.

The denizens of Catal Huyuk lived in houses built of mud-brick and although huddled together, there were no streets. The houses were accessed through holes in the ceilings and ladders to the floor. The holes served for ventilation and the expulsion of cooking fumes. A main room was used for cooking and daily activities, though in good weather the roofs were used for many activities including community relations. Raised platforms were built along the walls of the rooms for sleeping, sitting and working. All these surfaces were plastered smooth and timbered beams reinforced the roof. Many niches were built into the walls which were plastered and whitened with gesso and frequently decorated with paintings.

No defensive walls have been excavated, so that there must have been no fear of attack by more aggressive tribes, although the exterior houses had a thicker wall on the outside, perhaps for insulation against temperature extremes.

The people of Catal Huyuk were skilled in agriculture, and the domestication of animals and their skills increased through the centuries. Their nutritional needs were supplied by barley and wheat as well as ‘triticum,’ a hardy variety of wheat common in the Near East, while the growing of peas, almonds, pistachios and fruit as well as the raising of sheep and cattle were all pursued.

In addition to the dwellings, larger buildings that served as sanctuaries have been identified. This conclusion was reached by studying decorations on the walls, many in relief. A great number are modeled in plaster and show bulls’ heads. Many contain the horns of actual aurochs, the ancestor of the bull, and seem clearly related to the animal that formed the basis of the cult on the island of Crete in the Bronze Age.

Catal Huyuk appears to have been not only the first city but the hub of a network of smaller cities, all combined in a trading union that extended over hundreds of miles. At various times of the year, the walls of Catal Huyuk were painted in bright colors. So until further exploration reveals another candidate, perhaps in India, Catal Huyuk will be regarded by orthodox archaeology as the first city on earth.

Sources:
Atlantis Rising Magazine Vol. 62: “Does a Long-lost Turkish Metropolis Qualify for the Oldest-City Award?” by Peter King;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%87atalh%C3%B6y%C3%BCk

Pic Source:
Atlantis Rising Magazine Vol. 62 page 30
07:17 | 0 komentar

Secret City of Marconi

In 1937 ninety-eight scientists (among them were European scientists) were said to have gone with Guglielmo Marconi to South America where they built a city in an extinct volcanic crater in the southern jungles of Venezuela, including Fulcanelli the enigmatic Italian physicist and alchemist who warned European physicists of the grave dangers of atomic weapons and then mysteriously vanished a few years later. In their secret city, financed by the great wealth they had created during their lives, they continued Marconi’s work on solar energy, cosmic energy, and anti-gravity. Working secretly and apart from the world’s nations, they built free-energy motors and ultimately discoid aircraft with a form of gyroscopic anti-gravity.

The community is said to be dedicated to universal peace and the common good of all mankind. Believing the rest of the world to be under the control of energy companies, multinational bankers and the military-industrial complex, the story goes, they have remained isolated from the rest of the world, working subversively to foster peace and a clean, ecological technology on the world.

 Guglielmo Marconi

Guglielmo Marconi (1874 – 1937) was born in Bologna on April 25, 1874, the second son of Giuseppe Marconi, an Italian landowner, and his Irish wife, Annie Jameson, daughter of Andrew Jameson of Daphne Castle in the County Wexford, Ireland and granddaughter of John Jameson, founder of whiskey distillers Jameson & Sons. He was a brilliant scientist, seen as a usurper of Nikola Tesla’s invention, and in fact Tesla’s close friend. During his early years, Marconi had an interest in science and electricity. Unlike Tesla, Marconi was a good businessman, socially adept, and was able to manage a sizable financial and manufacturing empire. When Marconi allegedly died in 1937 (while still a relatively young and healthy man) he was a multimillionaire, lived on a luxury yacht, and was probably the most knowledgeable man in the world at the time in the practical application of “Tesla Technology.”

In South America the story is a common subject among certain metaphysical groups. Says the French writer Robert Charroux in his book The Mysteries of the Andes (1974, 1977, Avon Books), “the Ciudad Subterranean de los Andes is discussed in private from Caracas to Santiago.” Charroux goes on to tell the story of Marconi and his secret city, plus the story of a Mexican journalist named Mario Rojas Avendaro, who investigated the Ciudad Subterranean de los Andes (Underground City of the Andes) and concluded that it was a true story. Avendaro was contacted by a man named Nacisso Genovese, who had been a student of Marconi’s and was a physics teacher at a high school in Baja, Mexico.

Genovese was an Italian by origin and claimed to have lived for many years in the Ciudad Subterranean de los Andes. Sometime in the late 1950s he wrote an obscure book entitled My Trip to Mars. Though the book was never published in English, it did appear in various Spanish, Portuguese and Italian editions.

Genovese claimed that the city had been built with large financial resources, was underground, and had better research facilities than any other research facility in the world (at that time, at least). By 1946 the city already used a powerful collector of cosmic energy, the essential component of all matter, according to Marconi’s theories, many of which he had derived from Tesla.

“In 1952,” according to Genovese, “we traveled above all the seas and continents in a craft whose energy supply was continuous and practically inexhaustible. It reached a speed of half a million miles an hour and withstood enormous pressures, near the limit of resistance of the alloys that composed it. The problem was to slow it down at just the right time.”

According to Genovese, the city is located at the bottom of a crater, is mostly underground, and is entirely self-sufficient. The extinct volcano is covered in thick vegetation, is hundreds of miles from any roads, and is at thirteen thousand feet in the jungle mountains of the Amazon.

The French author Charroux expressed surprise and disbelief at the statement that the city was on a jungle-covered mountain that was 13,000 feet high. Yet the eastern side of the Andean cordillera has many such mountains, from Venezuela to Bolivia, spanning thousands of miles. Several such cities and mountains could exist in this vast, unexplored, and perpetually cloud-covered region.

Yet a secret city in a jungle crater was the least of the claims. Genovese insisted that flights to the Moon and Mars were made in their “flying saucers.” He claimed that once the technology had been conquered, it was relatively simple to make the trip to the Moon (a few hours) or Mars (several days). Genovese does not mention pyramids or what they did on Mars. Perhaps they created a Martian base in one of the ancient, sand-blown pyramids of the Cydonia region.

There have been many reports of UFOs in South America, especially along the edge of the mountainous jungles of the eastern Andes, from Bolivia to Venezuela. Is it possiblethat some of these UFOs are antigravity craft from the Ciudad Subterranean de los Andes?

Sources:
Atlantis Rising Magazine Vol. 51: “The Mysterious Marconi” by David Hatcher Childress;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guglielmo_Marconi

Pic Sources:
Atlantis Rising Magazine Vol. 51: “The Mysterious Marconi” by David Hatcher Childress page 25
06:13 | 0 komentar

Sinking of the SS Sultana

On April 21, under the command of Captain J. C. Mason of St. Louis, the Sultana, which had accommodations for 376 passengers, left New Orleans for Vicksburg with 100 people, 100 hogs, 60 mules, 100 hogsheads of sugar, and a leaking boiler. In Vicksburg, boilermaker R. G. Taylor told Captain Mason that two metal sheets on one of the ship’s four boilers had to be replaced, but Mason opted to simply patch the boiler in order to save time. Mason demanded a full load of soldiers even though the rosters for each group were not yet prepared. Army officials then agreed that the rosters could be worked out after the soldiers boarded, making it difficult to keep track of how many were being loaded.

The Sultana left Vicksburg on April 24 with about 2,100 troops, 200 civilians, and a full cargo of sugar—more than six times its legal carrying capacity. Soldiers were jammed onto every deck “like sheep for the slaughter,” according to survivor Isaac van Nuys. They spilled out onto the main stairs, with some even sleeping in the coal bin.

On the evening of April 26, the Sultana reached Memphis, unloaded cargo, and then crossed the river to buy coal, despite a strong current caused by the flooded Mississippi, swollen from spring rains and war-damaged levees. At about 2 A.M., as the Sultana moved through Paddy’s Hen and Chick Islands, seven to eight miles north of Memphis, at least one boiler exploded. The explosion hurled pieces of iron and wood into the soldiers on the main deck, while escaping steam scalded those near the boilers. 
 
Sultana on fire
 
Passengers on the boiler and hurricane decks were tossed into the air and then fell back onto the boat or into the cold water. A smokestack fell, breaking through the upper deck and pinning men on the lower decks, where they roasted to death in the ensuing fire. Survivors of the initial explosion jumped into the river, though many could not swim. Those who could maneuver in the water faced other life-threatening situations, including being pulled down by drowning victims or sucked into whirlpools created by the sinking ship. Survivor A. C. Brown recalled, “The water seemed to be one solid mass of human beings struggling with the waves.” Most of the soldiers—sick or malnourished from spending months as prisoners of war—could not swim in the cold water for any length of time.

Ninety minutes after the explosion, the Bostonia II, heading south toward Memphis, began to pick up survivors. As word of the disaster spread, any vessel available—from homemade rafts to river boats—joined in the rescue effort. Estimates of the rescued vary from 590 to 760, though 200 to 300 of them would die from their injuries. By midafternoon on April 27, the boats were recovering more corpses than survivors. Hundreds of bodies were never recovered, including that of Captain Mason. The final death toll, never determined precisely, has been estimated at 1,700 to 1,800.

On April 30, Secretary of War Edwin Stanton created a board of inquiry to investigate the explosion and sinking of the Sultana. Surviving passengers, including senator-elect William Snow, boilermaker R. G. Taylor, and army officers pointed the finger at each other, resulting in little conclusive evidence after a year of testimony. Ultimately official explanation stated, no individual was officially blamed for the overcrowding, and no exact cause was determined for the boiler explosion. Despite the lack of consequences for those involved, there was no public outcry.

In 1888, a St. Louis resident named William Streetor claimed that his former business partner, Robert Louden, made a deathbed confession of having sabotaged Sultana by a coal torpedo. Louden was a former Confederate agent and saboteur who operated in and around St. Louis. Louden had the opportunity and motive to attack Sultana. He may have had access to the means. Supporting Louden's claim are eyewitness reports that a piece of artillery shell was observed in the wreckage. Louden's claim is controversial, however, and most scholars support the official explanation. This disaster received somewhat diminished attention, as it took place soon after the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln during the closing weeks of the American Civil War.

Sources:
Disasters, Accidents, and Crises in American History by Ballard C. Campbell;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SS_Sultana
Pic Source:

Disasters, Accidents, and Crises in American History by Ballard C. Campbell page 119
06:36 | 2 komentar

Sunken City of the Gulf of Cambay

On January 2002 Dr. Murli Manohara Joshi, the Indian government’s minister for science and technology confirmed that oceanographic researchers of the National Institute of Ocean Technology, part of his ministry, had found remnants of a sunken city in the Gulf of Cambay, 30 kilometers off the shore of northwestern India. Sonar photographs of the ocean bottom revealed large, rectangular, walled structures extending 9 kilometers along the banks of an ancient riverbed, now 40 meters underwater. To confirm that the sonar images did represent a human habitation site, the researchers dredged up over 2,000 artifacts, including semiprecious stones, stone tools, and human bones. A piece of wood from the underwater site yielded a radiocarbon date of about 9,500 years.

The startling discovery occurred on Spring 2001, 25 miles off the coast of Gujarat, India. It took place in part of the Arabian Sea known as the Gulf of Cambay. India’s National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT) turned up some amazing sonar images from the gulf’s depths while scanning for pollution levels. Using equipment that penetrates the sea floor, marine experts discovered a pattern of distinct man-made formations across a five-mile stretch of sea bed.

According to reports published worldwide, NIOT’s sonar imaging technology detected what appeared to be the stone pillars and collapsed walls of at least two cities. The site was described as part of an ancient river valley civilization not unlike the Saraswati of the Rig Veda, thought to be mythical but—according to recent independent findings by Indian scientists—now proven to have flowed to Gujarat. Divers at the Gulf of Cambay site later retrieved from depths of 120 feet, 2,000 man-made artifacts, including pottery, jewelry, sculpture, human bones, and evidence of writing, according to the Times of London. Author and underwater researcher Graham Hancock described buildings at the site as being hundreds of feet in length, with drains running along the streets.

“Underwater structures that have been found along the Gulf of Cambay, Gujarat, indicate an ancient township that could date back anywhere before or during the Harappan civilization,” Science and Technology Minister Murli Manohar Joshi told the world at a press conference in May of 2001.

Joshi’s initial guess was that the 5-mile-long site was 4,000 to 6,000 years old and submerged by an extremely powerful earthquake. But in January of 2002, carbon dating revealed that an artifact from the site was astonishingly ancient, between 8,500 and 9,500 years old—the oldest known civilization in the world by thousands of years—a time when, according to orthodox archaeological standards, India should have been peopled with primitive hunter gatherers and a few settlements, not inhabitants of a lost civilization.

The historical writings of ancient India, the Puranas, tell of Vedic civilization existing in India not only 9.500 years ago, but much further back in time. Indeed, the Puranas record the existence of Vedic civilization in India going back hundreds of thousands, even millions of years. If it turns out that the 9,500-year-old sunken city in the Gulf of Cambay was inhabited by people of Vedic culture, this would, of course, completely destroy the fiction that Vedic culture came into India by an Aryan migration from Europe or Central Asia some 3,500 years ago. It would instead lend support to the ancient Sanskrit histories, and open the way for research showing that the history of Vedic culture in India goes even further back in time.

Sources:
Atlantis Rising Magazine Vol.33: “The Enigma of India’s Origin” by David Lewis;
Atlantis Rising Magazine Vol.34: “Will India’s Sunken City Sink the Aryan Invasion Hypothesis?” by Michael A. Cremo

Pic Source:
Atlantis Rising Magazine Vol.33 page 24
06:39 | 0 komentar

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