The Skinwalker Sightings

In several Native American traditions, Navajo folklore from the American Southwest, for example, tells of supernatural creatures; the werewolf, werecoyote, or whatever form the therianthrope or demon is known as a “Skinwalker” or Yendalooshi (Yenaldooshi). Skinwalkers are shape-shifting witches able to assume the attributes of various animals, especially canines. They walk in the skins of animals. According to witnesses descriptions, it has height around 3 feet–5 feet 7 inches with black hair, reddish eyes, and long arms while its face is nearly featureless. Behavior: Scrambles on all fours, runs very fast, cries like a baby, wears skins of the wolf, coyote, cat, dog, or bear to take on the appearance and powers of the animal. Just as with the Wendigo, Skinwalkers also make appearances in contemporary accounts.

The Skinwalker or Yenaldooshi gains supernatural power by violating a serious cultural taboo, in this case murdering a relative. The Yenaldooshi are shamans and necromancers who spread sickness by means of a powder made from corpses. For the Navajo, who revere pollen, this is a deep sacrilege. The Yenaldooshi can also make tiny pellets out of bone. Most Yenaldooshi can turn into coyotes, and some of them have other shape-changing abilities as well.

Illustration of Skinwalker
In 1936, in Yale Publications in Anthropology, anthropologist William Morgan recounted an interview with a Navajo identified only as Hahago. Hahago said of skinwalkers, “They go very fast. . . . They can go to Albuquerque in an hour and a half” — a four-hour trip by automobile, according to Morgan.

In January 1970, a hairy man about 5 feet 7 inches tall kept pace with a car driven by four youths near Whitewater, New Mexico. They increased the speed from 45 to 60 miles per hour, but it still kept up. Finally, one of them shot it, and it fell down.

In the fall of 1973 western Pennsylvania played host to dozens of reports of strange apelike creatures, sometimes seen in association with UFOs, said to have (in one witness’s words) “fire red eyes that glowed in total darkness,” to be seven to eight feet tall, and to give off a strong, unpleasant odor. “Another type of creature,” investigator Stan Gordon noted, “was said to be between five and six feet tall. It was described as looking just like an extremely muscular man with a covering of thick dark hair. Again in these reports, the arms were very long and hung down past the knees. This creature appeared to have superior agility exceeding that of a deer. From footprints discovered, the stride of the creatures varies between 52 and 57 inches. In these reports there was no indication of odors.”

At 8:30 on the evening of October 31, 1991, as she drove on Bray Road near Delavan,Wisconsin — approximately thirty miles south-southeast of Jefferson, site of the 1936 Schackelman encounter — a young woman felt her right front tire jump off the pavement as if it had hit something. She stopped the car and peered into the misty darkness, where she saw a dark, hairy form racing toward her. It had a thick, “bulked-out” chest. She retreated into her vehicle and was just starting to speed away when the figure leaped onto her trunk. The trunk was too wet for a firm grip, however, and she heard the creature fall off. Returning later with a young friend, she glimpsed a big form rising from the side of the road.

By itself this sighting would be little more than a curiosity, but as it turned out, it would be one of a number in the area. When word of it got around, other local people stepped forward with their own accounts.

In the fall of 1989, Lorianne Endrizzi, rounding a site along Bray Road half a mile from the incident above, saw what she first took to be a person kneeling in a hunched position at the edge of the road. When she slowed, the figure stared at her from a distance of no more than six feet, across the passenger side of the car.

It was covered with a grayish brown hair, with big fangs and pointed ears. “His face was . . . long and snouty, like a wolf,” she told reporter Scarlett Sankey. Though it was evening and the figure’s eyes were not in the headlights, they glowed nonetheless. They were a yellowish-gold color. “The arms were really kind of strange . . . jointed like a man or woman would be,” she said. “He was holding his hands with his palms upward.” The arms were muscular “like a man who had worked out a little bit.” The “back legs looked like they were behind him, like a person kneeling.”

The sighting lasted for a maximum of forty-five seconds. She had no idea what the creature could be, beyond a “freak of nature,” until she went to her library and found a werewolf illustration.

Around that time in Elkhorn, near Delevan, dairy farmer Scott Bray observed a “strange-looking dog” along his pasture on Bray Road. Bigger and taller than a German shepherd, it had pointed ears and hairy tail, with long, scraggly grayish black hair. It was “built heavy in front — a real strong chest.” Bray pursued it to a rockpile and was perplexed when he could not find it there. In the soft soil nearby he found enormous footprints — four to five inches in diameter — leading and disappearing into pasture grass.Bray thought he had seen “some type of wild dog cross.”

There is another account about the Skinwalker from Brad Steiger's book entitled "Real Vampires, Night Stalkers and Creatures from The Darkside". He said that his good friend, Priscilla Garduno Wolf, an Apache Medicine woman from New Mexico, told him of her encounter with such an entity which occurred when she was a teenager:

"It was a beautiful day, and I was ready for the prom. I caught a ride with a friend, Molly, and the night went very well. However, at the end of the prom, Molly told me to catch a ride home with someone else; she was going to Alamosa with her boyfriend. I asked several people, but no one offered to take me home. I lived three miles from the school, and at that time all the roads were dirt.

I had no choice but to walk home in my formal, holding my heels in my hands. The moon was shining, but it was still very dark. I wasn’t scared until I got close to the area where people claimed the Wolf Boy was buried. Grandpa said that the old people buried him there in the 1500s. Nearby, there was this huge tree that my grandfather had named the Skin Walker tree, because of sightings of Skin Walkers in that area.

I wanted to walk back to my grandmother’s home, but I was scared that the Wolf Boy would appear to me, so I continued walking east toward my mother’s home. When I crossed the old bridge, I heard a noise coming from under it. I looked back, and I saw what appeared to be a calf walking toward me. I started to run, and it began to run, following me. It was about 300 feet to my mom’s home, and I took off running fast. The animal stood up on its hind legs and almost caught me. I could hear its loud breathing. It sounded not human or animal like, but different.

I made it to my mother’s farm land, and the thing jumped across the fence. When I got to the door of the house, I banged so hard to wake up Mom. “Open up!” I kept yelling! “Something is chasing me.” Mom made it to the door. I pushed her aside and shut the door, and we locked it. She shut the lights off so no one could look in the house. My baby brother, Adam, was sleeping, and after a while I lay down. I was so worn out from running. I heard someone turning the knob of the door—and open-room toward me.

All of a sudden it was next to my bed. I screamed for Mom to turn the lights on, but she was having a hard time getting up. It was like she was in a daze. I felt the Skinwalker’s hand on me, touching my face and throat! His smelly breath and loud breathing were right next to me.

The monster was tall and skinny half human and half something that looked like a cow. His hands were rough and hairy, and he had long nails. I couldn’t breathe! I screamed again and asked God to help me. It scratched my neck, and I was bleeding. When Mom managed to turn on the light, it vanished. Mom saw three scratches on my neck and said it was the Devil that had left his claw marks on me. We got up and checked the door. It was still locked, but the door hadn’t mattered to the Skinwalker.

By morning the scratches were gone, just vanished. I wrote two stories years later that I called “The Devil’s Claws” and “The Skin Walker.”

In "Hunt for the Skinwalker" by Colm A. Kelleher and George Knapp (2005). These authors relay several interesting accounts of modern-day Skinwalker encounters, including the following:

"One story told on the Navajo reservation in Arizona concerns a woman who delivered newspapers in the early morning hours. She claims that, during her rounds, she heard a scratching on the passenger door of the vehicle. Her baby was in the car seat next to her. The door flung open, and she saw the horrifying form of a creature she described as half man, half beast, with glowing red eyes and a gnarly arm that was reaching for her child. She fought it off, managed to pull the door closed, then pounded the gas pedal and sped off. To her horror, she says, the creature ran along with the car and continued to try to open the door. It stayed with her until she screeched up to an all-night convenience store. She ran inside, screaming and hysterical, but when the store employee dashed outside, the being had vanished."

According to one contemporary Navajo interviewed by Kelleher and Knapp, A skinwalker is the size of human, six foot and under. They don’t come in most of the time to where the animals are at. They come in to where people are at. They come right here and you’d never know he was standing here looking at you in the middle of the night. They can take the shape of anything they want to take the shape of. The shape-shifting ability of the Skinwalkers can result in quite dramatic incarnations. In this case the Skinwalkers were in the form of humans with dog heads. They were also smoking cigarettes.

This bizarre shape-shifting tendency has also been associated with ‘The Beast of Bray Road,’ a contemporary werewolf-like creature from Wisconsin documented by Linda S. Godfrey. In one case an eyewitness describes watching such a transformation take place:

"It appeared then to be an overly large dog, or something like that. And then, its legs started moving real fast. The closest thing I can think of to describe it is when you see a person break-dancing, when they’re spinning and kicking. And I was standing there trying to make sense of that, and I wondered if it was two dogs, uh, fornicating. And then, the only way I can describe it is that it was . . . morphing, and when it stopped, it turned and looked at me, and it had this dark, hairy body but the head and face of a gorilla."

Godfrey admits to being a bit confused by such reports of supernatural behavior on the part of the beast, especially when those reports are compared with the more typical reports, which usually give the beast very flesh-and-blood characteristics. As Godfrey describes one of the earliest encounters with the beast, its need for food, in this case roadkill, is quite apparent. She describes the experience of her witness in this way:

"As she drove forward and saw the creature from the front, its position was what got her attention, however. ‘It was kneeling!’ she said. ‘Its elbows were up, and its claws were facing so that I knew it had claws,’ she added. ‘I remember the long claws.’ The claws had a chunk of what looked like a dead and flattened small animal: roadkill. She had the impression the creature had been dining upon it. Its eyes reflected the glow of her headlights, as most animal eyes will at night, and she was surprised when the creature didn’t run away but turned its head to gaze back at her. She described the animal as ‘dark brownish-gray’ and the size of an average man, maybe five foot seven and 150 pounds.

The creature also seems to enjoy scavenging from garbage cans. Godfrey recounts one eyewitness report of two large animals prowling through garbage cans under the glare of a streetlight. The creatures had ears like a German Shepherd, long sinewy bodies, and oddly small feet. They were covered in pale grey fur and had long snouts with black noses."

Despite these reports of animal-like behavior – behavior that seems to indicate a natural explanation for the beasts – Godfrey’s files are filled with stories, like the story of the shape-shifting breakdancer, which seem to indicate a more supernatural explanation.

Some witnesses insist that what they have seen is an odd, but natural, creature. Others describe it in demonic and supernatural terms. Sometimes, Godfrey notes, what witnesses report cannot easily be classified into either category, but has characteristics of both natural and supernatural phenomena. ‘Sometimes,’ she writes, ‘it is difficult to separate the two categories, as the border between them occasionally turns porous, allowing things to seep fluidly between them’.

Sources:
Mysterious Creatures: "A Guide to Cryptozoology" by George M. Eberhart;
Real Vampires, Night Stalkers and Creatures from the Darkside by Brad Steiger;
The Supernatural Book of Monsters, Demons, Spirits and Ghouls by Alex Irvine;
Unexplained! "Strange Sightings, Incredible Occurences & Puzzling Physical Phenomena" by Jerome Clark;
Weird Science and Bizarre Beliefs: "Mysterious Creatures, Lost Worlds, and Amazing Inventions" by Gregory L. Reece

Pic Source:
Unexplained! "Strange Sightings, Incredible Occurences & Puzzling Physical Phenomena" by Jerome Clark page 523
20:21 | 0 komentar

Franklin Castle The Haunted Mansion

The Franklin Castle situated at 4308 Franklin Boulevard in Cleveland, Ohio, was built in 1865 by Hannes Tiedemann. This mansion is rumored to be one of the most famous haunted house in Ohio because of the mysterious deaths of the Tiedemann family. Several strange and unexplained phenomena occurs at this mansion, such as strange voices coming from behind the walls and empty rooms, the crying sounds of children, mysterious faces suddenly materializing in the woodwork, and ghostly ectoplasm.

There were rumors, that Tiedemann was responsible of his families death (his mother, wife and four children), even though these rumors unverified because their causes of death seems natural. His 15-years old daughter, Emma died on January 15, 1891 because of diabetes. Few months later his elderly mother, Wiebeka also died. On the next three years Tiedemann bury three more children. After all of his children died, he began adding new rooms, and accessories (gargoyles statues and turrets) on the mansion. Also, there is some speculation that there were hidden rooms and passageways somewhere inside the mansion. However, no one ever found these hidden rooms.

Franklin Castle
Then, on March 24, 1895, his wife, Luise died from a liver disease. Eventually, Hannes sold the mansion to the Mullhauser family. After Tiedemann died, the castle was sold again to the German Socialist Party. During this time, not much is known about their activities, although many speculate that the party held secret meetings, and even conducted a mass political assassination.

The party later rented out the castle to boarders, one of whom was believed to be a doctor who performed “bizzare” experiments using human specimens. In the 1970s, one owner found skeletons of a dozen babies inside a sealed room. The coroner examined the remains, but could make no conclusive determination. Another owner, Sam Muscatello, reported discovering a skeleton inside a hidden panel. He later became physically ill and invited a local news crew to investigate.

They reported strange events, including spinning chandeliers and equipment that moved on their own. A young girl haunts the fourth floor ballroom. She may be the ghost of a servant who was allegedly murdered, or Tiedemann’s niece. A large blood stain still appears on the marble floor.

The Romano family, who owned the home from 1968 to 1976, claimed they were visited by the ghost of a young girl who interacted with the children. The family later moved out of the house after receiving warnings of a future death by the ghost.

According to the former neighbor that when he was a child, he and his sisters played with three children in a room at the castle. He said, “The next day, our parents took us to the Castle. We met the owner. He allowed us in and we walked through the door we had entered before. However, this time, there was a closed, locked door at the bottom of the staircase. He unlocked it and opened it to show us. The steps looked very old, as if they were not used in many years. The owner informed us that no one uses or even goes up there much anymore.”

In 1999, fire disaster nearly destroyed the Franklin castle, it has been closed and undergoing extensive renovations since then.

Sources:
Encyclopedia of Haunted Places: "Ghostly Locales From Around The World" Compiled & Edited by Jeff Belanger;
Wikipedia - Franklin Castle

Pic Source:
Encyclopedia of Haunted Places: "Ghostly Locales From Around The World" Compiled & Edited by Jeff Belanger page 13
22:12 | 0 komentar

Doyarchu The Ireland's Water Hound

Doyarchu also known as Dobhar-choe (Dobharchú) is a large oterlike animal of Ireland that may be responsible for some sightings of Freshwater Monsters. The word is said to have connote a mythical “king otter.” The Irish word 'madra usice' (water hound) is more commonly used for the European otter. It also has various names such as Anchu, Dhuraghoo, Dorraghow. The creature physical appearance is like an otter but said to be about five times as large with white pelt, black ear tips and black cross on its back. It's behavior is aggressive and dangerous. When Doyarchu is in danger it can call other water hound with a whistling sound. It also can break a rock with its snout. Doyarchu appears both in folklore and in various first-person accounts from the earlier centuries. Even though no longer reported, this creature was once considered a real and dangerous inhabitant of the Irish landscape.

In 1684, a book entitled 'A Description of West or H-Lar Connaught' was published. It tells the frightening story of Roderick O’Flaherty that happened at a lake in the west of Ireland called the Lough Mask:

"There is one rarity more, which we may term the Irish crocodile, where of, as yet living, about ten years ago had sad experience. The man was passing the shore just by the waterside, and spied far off the head of a beast swimming, which he took to be an otter, and took no more notice of it, but the beast it seems lifted up his head, to discern whereabouts the man was; then diving swam under the water till he struck ground; whereupon he run out of the water suddenly and took the man by the elbow whereby the man stooped down, and the beast fastened his teeth in his pate [head], and dragged him into the water; where[upon] the man took hold of a stone by chance in his way, and calling to mind he had a knife in his jacket, took it out and gave it a thrust of it to the beast, which thereupon got away from him into the lake.

Doyarchu the Water Hound


The water about them was all bloody, whether from the beast’s blood, or his own, or from both he knows not. It was the pitch of an ordinary greyhound, of a black slimey skin, without hair as he imagines. Old men acquainted with the lake do tell there is such a beast in it, and that a stout fellow with a wolf dog along with him met the like there once, which after a long struggling went away in spite of the man and his dog, and was a long time after found rotten in a rocky cave of the lake where the waters decreased. The like they say is seen in other lakes in Ireland; they call it Doyarchu, i.e.water-dog, or anchu which is the same."

Doyarchu also appeared in the poem "The Old House," within a 1950's anthology, "Further Poems", by Leitrim poetess Katherine A. Fox. The lines read:

The story told of dobhar-chú
That out from Glenade Lake
Had come one morning years ago
A woman's life to take...


It described the incidents which occuring two centuries ago, features a man called McGloughlan who lived with his wife Grace Connoly near to the shore of Glenade Lake, County Leitrim. 
The evidence of Doyarchu from that poem can be found in a gravesite of Glenade, on the north side of Ben Bulben mountain, where a woman named Grace is buried. Her tombstone dated on September 24, 1722, and the interesting part, it portrays a carving of an otterlike creature being impaled by a spear. Based on a local lore, she was a victim of a water hound. She lived in a village with her husband. On that day, she washed her clothes near the lake. When she did not return, her husband went out to look for her. He was horrified when he found her wife is already dead and also shocked to see a water hound sleeping atop her bloody corpse.

The man returned to the house looking for a weapon, also asked his friend to help him to deal with the creature and retrieved a knife, which he then plunged into the creature’s heart. Just before the creature died, it gave out a whistling sound that alerted the other water hound nearby.

They fled on horseback, while the creature chasing behind them. When they realized that they could not shake it, they decided to confront it. It ran under one of the horses as it made to attack the men, but one of them was able to stab it to death before it could harm them.

In May 24, 1996, other water hound sightings occurs outside Ireland in Magalia, a small town in northern California. That morning, Sheila Charles was driving her son Shane to school when an otterlike creature suddenly darted out in front of her car. Swerving to avoid it, she lost control of the car and suffered an accident, fortunately resulted in no serious injuries.

She said that the creature’s appearance 4-5 feet long, generally doglike with reptilian eyes but with a sleek serpentine head set on a slender thirty-inch neck. It was covered with shaggy black fur or hair. Its hind limbs were long, its front limbs notably shorter, and it had no tail. The driver of the car behind Charles’s also saw the creature.

Dr. Daithi o' hOgain described in his book "Myth, Legend and Romance: An Encyclopedia of the Irish Folk Tradition" (1990) as a large male otter called the king otter with its black ear tips and a black cross upon its back, and the creature never slept. Similar with werewolf legend, this one could only be killed with a silver bullet, and the killer would die no longer than 24 hours afterwards.

It is nearly impossible to verified these accounts, because they are not purely legend. They only share a little information about the creature’s appearance, and it bore at least a resemblance to an otter. Until now the existence of Doyarchu is still shrouded in mystery.

Sources:
Mysterious Creature: "A Guide to Cryptozoology" by George M. Eberhart;
The Beasts That Hide from Man: "Seeking the World's Last Undiscovered Animals" by Karl Shuker;
Unexplained: "Strange Sightings, Incredible Occurences & Puzzling Physical Phenomena" by Jerome Clark;
10:28 | 0 komentar

Rudloe Manor The Top Secret Military Base

Many in the British UFO research community believe that alien saucers in the possession of the British Government may have been kept at Rudloe Manor, a Royal Air Force (RAF) station located northeast of Bath, between the towns of Box and Corsham, Wiltshire, United Kingdom. The Manor was built on top of quarries from which Bath Stone had been extracted, in the 1930s some of the tunnels were converted for use as a Central Ammunition Depot. The vast caverns had some 2,250,000 square feet of space, divided into many smaller chambers.

The historian Rupert Matthews wrote about the rumours linking the base with UFOs: 
‘By the later 1990s the rumours had begun to take a more definite form. According to these reports, there was a vast underground complex beneath the apparently innocuous barracks and office buildings scattered in the grounds of the old manor house. This much could be checked out and was accurate. The manor had been taken over by the RAF at the start of World War II precisely because these huge underground caverns existed. They were the abandoned workings from which the much prized Bath Stone had been quarried out in the 19th Century. Being deep underground the tunnels and caves were, of course, proof against German bombing. From 1940 onward a whole range of government and military units and installations were located in the tunnels of Rudloe Manor where they would be safe from the Luftwaffe. Much of what went on there at the time is now well known and while it was all vital to the war effort is hardly controversial.’

The Main House of Rudloe Manor
At the end of 1994, Matthew Williams and Paul Damon visited the Rudloe Manor to investigate the truth about the manor and UFO connection. When they arrive there, the guard asked them what they were doing and they explained that they were UFO researchers who interested with the manor. Then, Matthew and Paul asked if there is an "Underground Town" existed beneath the manor? The guard stated that there was only a quarry at Rudloe site 2 and no more. Paul said that he watched a TV Program called "Schofields Quest" and from there he got information about "Underground Town", if it were only a quarry then it would be no problem and not represent any threat to national security to let the "Schofields Quest" cameras in for a look. The guard stated that the tv crew were misguided and he try to convince them once again that there was nothing at site 2 but a quarry.

Few minutes later, a white van came out of nowhere and parked itself in blocking position in front of Matthew's car. The van's door opened and 2 soldiers with semi automatic machine guns emerged. The 3rd person who was the driver of the van came out, he was dressed in cammo gear and he appeared to be a sergeant. They were questioned by the sergeant about their activities around the manor, and they did their best to answer and provide as much information as they could with their knowledge about the base. However he did not satisfied with their explanation, and asked their proper ID.

Just before he left to make his checks he made the following disturbing statement,

"I am going to check your details. Do not get out of your car whilst I am gone, do you understand?"

"Yes, no problem", said Matthew and Paul.

"Do not attempt to drive away in the vehicle whilst I am gone, do you understand?"

"We won't go anywhere."

"Because if you do try to get out of the vehicle OR try to drive away you WILL BE TAKEN OUT OF CIRCULATION!"

Matthew and Paul were shocked with his warning. Whilst the Sergeant was away at the guardhouse one of the soldiers standing guard paced near their car and they got his attention in order to have a talk. He told them that they had got the whole base on full alert and there was a real stir. Matthew and Paul said that they were sorry but they could not see that they had done anything wrong. They asked him questions about UFO's - had he seen any, did he know what went on at Rudloe. He said, "Well who knows what they get up to, but I am not allowed to say anything anyhow."

When the sergeant returned he said that their details had checked out but he was not happy with both of them being there. He told them that they were not allowed to take photos as it was prohibited. Matthew disagreed and stated that there were no anti photography signs posted so there was no restriction. He argued that there were signs posted and that Matthew had not seen them. He also said that the base commanders would not give such permission and that if they came back to this base in the future to take photos they would be blocked!

After the incident, Matthew said, "If they are this interested in security of the base then it is obvious that they are hiding something "good" there.

According to Nick Redfern, a British author also ufologist and cryptozoologist who has investigated the Rudloe Manor-UFO connection: ‘The whole Rudloe-UFO saga has been a puzzle in itself. There's no doubt that the RAF's Provost & Security Services - who were based at Rudloe for two decades - have played a role in official UFO investigations. There are even a few declassified files available at the National Archive, Kew. But the big question is the extent, or otherwise, of those investigations. Some researchers have suggested - and particularly Matthew Williams in the mid-to-late 90s - that Rudloe's role went far beyond that officially admitted by the Ministry of Defence (MoD). Others merely see it as a minor aspect of official UFO investigations that got blown up out of proportion by the UFO research community.'

Sources:
Paranormal Magazine Issue. 65 : "The Top Ten Weirdest Paranormal and Conspiracy Theories" written by Richard Thomas;
http://www.oocities.org/area51/shadowlands/6583/bases012.html;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RAF_Rudloe_Manor;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nick_Redfern

Pic Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:RudloeManorHawkins.jpg
22:30 | 0 komentar

Hidden Treasure of The Copper Scroll

In 1952, an archaeologist named Henri de Contenson discovered two mysterious scrolls in an highly oxidised condition known as the Copper Scroll when he was leading a team of ten Bedouin in a hillside cave, a few kilometers from Qumran. When it was first found in the cave, it had broken into two separate rolled up sections side by side on a stone. One larger part contained two similar sheets riveted together end to end while the other roll is a single sheet of hammered copper. The Copper Scroll are part of the Dead Sea Scrolls, however unlike other scrolls which are literary work and written on papyrus, these scrolls contain several locations of hidden treasures and written on thin copper.

On March 14, 1952 the Copper Scroll was found in cave 3 near Khirbet Qumran. Because the scrolls was the last of 15 Dead Sea Scrolls, it is referred to as 3Q15. The original state of the scroll is measures 2.4 m in length, 0.3 m in width and 1 mm thick. At that time, no one dare to open the scroll without damaging the text inside it. Several years later in 1955, with great care, one of the Copper Scroll finally opened by H. Wright Baker, a Professor at Manchester College of Science and Technology (UMIST). The other scroll also opened a year later in 1956. Because the corroded metal couldn't be unrolled easily, Professor Baker cut the scroll into 23 parts.


The language itself was a big puzzles for scholars. It was written in a square form script (an early form of Hebrew script) while other Dead Sea Scrolls were written in square form Aramaic script, or ‘Paleo-Hebrew’ script. The style of script and the spelling in the Copper Scroll is very different with other texts of the time, from Qumran or from elsewhere. But still, It has been almost unanimously classified as one of the Dead Sea Scrolls.

John Allegro is the first person who translated the Copper Scroll into English. And he realize that the scroll is a list of around 64 locations of magnificent hidden treasures including massive quantities of jewelry, precious gems, other scrolls, gold and silvers. However the Jerusalem team advised him to not publish his findings publicly, because it can attract treasure hunters around the world and disturb the Qumran site.

At the end of 1959 and in March 1960, Allegro decided to lead two archaeological expeditions in search of the Copper Scroll's treasures. For several months of expeditions, he wandered around in the desert and found nothing. Few months later, he decided to published the English translation of the scroll (The Treasure of the Copper Scroll) in 1960.

Various reactions came from the scholars after reading the Allegro's translation. Father Joseph Milik, one of the member of the original Dead Sea Scrolls translation team and Father P’ere de Vaux, the head of the École Biblique et Archéologique Française de Jerusalem, denounced it as defective and even cast doubts on the authenticity of the Copper Scroll’s contents. While others were not so sure, and today the generally accepted view is the Copper Scroll contains a genuine list of real treasures.

In 1962 the Jerusalem team published the official Copper Scroll's translation with the title ‘Les “Petites Grottes” de Qumran, in the Discoveries in the Judaean Desert series. In conventional translations of the Copper Scroll the weight of gold mentioned in various locations is generally given as adding up to a staggering 26 tonnes and silver 65 tonnes.

The weights of the treasures item in the Copper Scrolls are : Gold (1285 Talents), Silver (666 Talents), Gold and Silver (17 Talents), Gold and silver vessels (600 Talents), Mixed precious metals (2,088 Talents).

Items with unspecified weights are as follows: Gold ingots (165), Silver bars (7), Gold and Silver vessels (609).

One Talent is estimated to be about 76 lb or 34.47 kg and it is estimated that the Copper Scroll treasure worth around over $2 billion at current prices. The origins of the treasures listed in the Copper Scroll also led controversy and have not been resolved until now. Several thories have been proposed by the scholars.

According to the Copper Scroll Project, the treasures listed on the scroll probably span the history of Israel from the Exodus to the Babylonian captivity. The talents of precious metals and gems may very well be the excess materials called for by Moses and Aaron to build the Tabernacle. Then there are the supplies stored away by King David for the 1st Temple. Yet on the scroll it speaks of tithes and offerings of silver. Those could easily be from the Temple built by King Solomon and stored away for repairs and upkeep on the House of God stored in the remote treasury at Qumran. The treasury described in the document is, the long sought after treasury of Hakkoz known for centuries to be in the area of Qumran. However, it is unclear when the treasury was built.

More significant is the fact none of the conventional theories have led to the discovery of any of the treasures listed in the Copper Scroll. Until now the Copper Scroll's treasure is still hidden somewhere while the Copper Scroll itself is housed at the Jordan Museum in Amman, Jordan.

Sources:
Wikipedia - Copper Scroll;
The Copper Scroll Project;
New Dawn Magazine - "Unfolding the Secrets of the Copper Scroll of Qumran" written by Robert Feather, MIM, CEng
22:15 | 1 komentar

Ancient Egyptian Statue Mysteriously Moves On Its Own

In early 2013, a millenia old Egyptian statue appears to have started moving on its own. It did a total 180-degree turn without anyone touching it. Since 1933, the statue —which was made by Neb-Senu, believed to date to 1800 B.C.— is housed in the Manchester Museum in England. The Egyptologist set up a video camera to record the statue's movement, after first noticing it in February. The video shows the artifact slowly turning counterclockwise during the day, but remaining stationary at night. This unexplained phenomena has made Campbell Price, the curator confused. Because for 80 years, the statue did not showed any movement but it was only recently that the museum staff noticed the statue rotating.

Price said that it was strange because the statue is kept inside a locked glass case and he is the only one who has the key. When he put it back to the original position, the next day it had moved again turning 180 degrees counterclockwise. Then, after he and other staff set up a video camera, he can clearly see it rotate slowly during the daytime and seems to cease at night.

Brian Cox, a physicist believe that the main cause of the movement is the museum visitor's footsteps created some vibration. It's called a "Differential Friction", where two surfaces which is in this case — glass shelf and the stone material of the statuette — cause a subtle vibration, which is making the statuette moving on its own.

The God of Death Statue Movement during Daytime
After observing the statue movement, Carol Redmount, an associate professor of Egyptian archeology at the University of California, Berkeley said that the statue only seems to spin during the day when people are in the museum. Then it could have something to do with its individual placement and its character.

Paul Doherty, a senior scientist at the Exploratorium in San Francisco, believes the statue's movement is caused by "Vibrational Stick-slip Friction" or "Stick-slip Vibration". If the glass shelf on which the statue rests vibrates even slightly, "the vibrating glass moves the statue in the same direction," causing it to turn around.

Doherty believes the statue stops turning because of it's asymmetrically weighted: "The statue has more weight on one side than the other side." After turning around on the shelf, the statue's uneven bottom reaches a more stable position and stops turning. Besides the footsteps of passing museum visitors, the source of the stick-slip vibration "could be triggered by a train that passes during the day or maybe some trolley that goes by during the day," Doherty said.

However, Price did not satisfied with those explanation, because it has been on those surfaces since the museum have had it in 1933 and it has never moved before. Other question is, why would it go around in a perfect circle and not moving to the left or right side?

Price also speculates on his own blog that the statue "was carved of steatite (also known as soapstone, a soft stone often used for carving) and then fired (which) may imply that it is now vulnerable to magnetic forces." However, the statue turns 180-degrees to face backward, then turns no more. This led some observers to wonder if the statue moves to show visitors the inscription on its back, which asks for sacrificial offerings "consisting of bread, beer, oxen and fowl."

According to Price, the statue wearing a shoulder-length wig and knee-length kilt is something that used to go in the tomb along with the mummy. It was an offering to Osiris, god of the dead. “Mourners in ancient egypt would lay offerings at its feet. They believed that if the mummy is destroyed then the statuette can act as a vessel for the spirit. Maybe that is what is causing the movement.”

Sources:
Live Science - "Why Egyptian Statue Moves On its Own" written by Marc Lallanilla;

NY Daily News - "Ancient Egyptian statue at Manchester Museum moves on its own, stumped curator says Egyptologist Campbell Price recorded the Neb-Senu statue’s baffling 180-degree movement" written by Sasha Goldstein;

ABC News - "Ancient Egyptian Statue Mysteriously Rotates at Museum";

Daily Mail - "The turn of the mummy: God of death statue starts SPINNING on its own in Manchester museum... but is this a sign that there really is a curse of the Pharaohs?" written by David Wilkes

Pic Source:
http://www.nydailynews.com/news/world/egyptian-statue-moves-amazing-video-article-1.1380450
14:00 | 0 komentar

Mystery of Walrus Bones In London Cemetery

In 2003 during excavations for a new railway terminal, a team of archaeologists found a grisly mix of bones from at least eight human bodies in one coffin, many of them cut up and showing evidence of autopsy. However, the weird part is nine of the bone fragments were walrus bones. The bone fragments apparently came from a 4 meter long Pacific Walrus which may have weighed as much as two tons when alive. Phil Emery, team leader of the excavation and also an archaeologist with a company called Ramboll UK, said he was shocked when he discovered the bones.

Walrus bone fragments found in St Pancras old burial ground

Ten years ago the bones were first unearthed by Emery and his team, but the findings hadn't been released to the popular press until now. His team found a total of 1,500 human bodies during construction of the St Pancras International railway station, many of them were buried hastily because of a wave of epidemics that struck the quickly expanding city more than 150 years ago and one of the coffin is contained the Pacific Walrus bones, some pierced by a sharp tool. The biggest mystery is how did a two tons-walrus from the North Pacific ended up into a cemetery in London?

Emery said that during 1822 and 1854, London cemeteries were overwhelmed by the dead from a series epidemic diseases (cholera, typhus and smallpox). The human bodies came from the old burial ground of St Pancras Church and were interred there. Before 1822, the cemetery was characterized by small plots, as seen in most ordinary burial grounds. But thereafter, ceremony fell to the wayside as the cemetery was overwhelmed — plots were replaced with mass graves.

In 1832 the dissection of human corpses for science or medical education was made legal and it's thought that the research may have led to the grisly mixed burial. Often the corpses for the research would have been dismembered into tiny parts. The medical (anatomical and biological) research sometimes takes place in the same laboratories, which might easily have seen exotic creatures such as the walrus and then carved up there for science.

Phil Emery admit that the walrus bones is a bit of a mystery. The walrus bones for medical purpose is only a theory, he and his teams still investigate it. Now the walrus bones are on display at the London Archaeological Archive and Research Centre in Hackney.

Sources:
The Register - "Mystery of the 19th Century Dead Walrus Found in London Graveyard" written by Lewis Page;
Live Science - "Walrus Bones Found In Old London Burial Ground" written by Douglas Main


Pic Source:
http://www.nbcnews.com/science/excavation-old-london-cemetery-turns-walrus-bones-8C10751490
20:30 | 0 komentar

Jourdain and Moberly Incident

In August 10, 1901 Eleanor Jourdain and Annie Moberly, decided to visit the Versailles Palace in France. When they took the train from Paris to Versailles, they did not expect to meet Marie Antoinette. During their visit the women saw numerous people in 18th century costumes. At first they assumed that the people were part of the staff who were dressed for effect or festival. Then they were startled to see some of the costumed people vanish. This is one of the examples of an unexplained phenomena called the "Time Slip", where people from modern era (20th century) trapped in the past.

Like all ordinary tourists, Jourdain and Moberly (both are vice principal and principal of St. Hugh’s College in Oxford) began their tour with a visit to the long rooms and galleries of the Versailles Palace. They strolled about the grounds and wanted to visit the Petite Trianon first. This smaller house was built by King Louis XV. Later Louis XVI of France gave the “little château” to his wife Marie Antoinette. Marie loved to spend time there in the lush days before the French Revolution. When the revolution came and the monarchy was destroyed, both Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette were executed by beheading.

The Petite Trianon at Versailles Palace
Jourdain and Moberly made their way down the great steps of the palace and past the fountains. They walked as indicated in their guide book, along the central avenue until they reached the fountainhead of the pond, then they turned right.

As they passed the Grand Trianon and turned off the paved walkway onto a broad, grassy drive, the mood of the day seemed to change. They missed the path that would have taken them directly to the Petit Trianon. Instead, they crossed it and walked up a lane leading in different direction. As they proceeded along this route, Moberly saw a woman lean out of the window of a nearby building to shake a dust cloth.

Suddenly they found that their single path branched out into three. They were confused, and they decided they would ask the two men who were walking just ahead of them with a wheelbarrow. They noticed that the men were wearing very strange three-cornered hats made of black velvet, but they were able to answer Jourdain’s question and direct them to the path that led to the Petit Trianon. Unfortunately, that path ended abruptly when another path intersected it at an angle and led in another direction. The new path seemed like a dividing line between sections of a patchwork quilt; it chopped off the blue-green lawn they had been walking through. The land on the other side of the path resembled wild woodland, with tufts of wild grass and dead leaves scattered all about. They began to walk down the new path, but the environment they entered looked somewhat weird and unnatural.

Then they saw a man who was sitting with his back turned to them near the bandstand. The man also dressed in the same manner as the man that had given them the wrong directions. As they approached, the man turned toward them and they gasped at the sight of his face. His face looks scary and horrible. They were shocked at that time, and when they turn around to avoid the man, another man called them. They were so stricken by the sight that they did not see the other man until he called to them. The frightened women spun around to face the newcomer and composed themselves enough to ask him for directions. As he pointed the way, he spoke with a foreign accent that neither of the two teachers grasped. Suddenly the man ran off after they thanked him, disappearing into the woods. But still the pair heard the sound of his running footsteps.

Marie Antoinette (1779)
Jourdain and Moberly following the direction their mysterious guide had indicated. They finally found the Petit Trianon. Rough grass like one might expect to find growing happenstance around the cottage of a French peasant in the days of Louis XVI covered the terrace around the north and west sides of the house. They noticed a woman who was completely unaware of their presence holding a pad at arm’s length and busily sketching the scene. Jourdain could not help remarking that the woman was dressed like in a picture she remembered seeing of Marie Antoinette, complete with full skirt and wide white hat. They think there had to be some kind of historical pageant or somekind of festival in progress.

As the two women walked up the steps to the top of the terrace, the strange atmosphere of the place hung over the scene like a musty blanket. When they reached the top, they looked back at the woman with the sketch pad. She glanced up to meet their gaze, and they saw that her face was old and lungs as she desperately sought her way back to the present. In her haste, she almost ran into a bearded giant of a man who suddenly appeared on the path in front of her. Jourdain was too tired to be frightened. Catching her breath, she simply asked for directions. The old man told her to follow the path that she was on.

Finally Jourdain and Moberly were able to find their way back and a decade later they published a book describing their strange encounter with ghosts of late-eighteenth-century France at Versailles (An Adventure, 1911), both wrote under pseudonyms. In their book, they describe seeing buildings as they had looked in the past. Both of them concluded that they had experienced a time slip to 1789, and they had actually seen Marie Antoinette herself, sitting in the Petite Trianon garden.

In later years other people reported similar experiences at Versailles. Psychical researchers studied their reports, but no satisfactory explanations have ever been given to either support the time slip explanation or disprove it.

Sources:
Mysteries, Legends, and Unexplained Phenomena: "Ghosts and Haunted Places" by Rosemary Ellen Guiley;
Real Ghosts, Restless Spirits and Haunted Places by Brad Steiger

Pic Sources:
Wikipedia - Versailles Petit Trianon;
Wikipedia - Marie Antoinette painted by Vigée-Lebrun c. 1779
20:34 | 0 komentar

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