Legend of Lamia

According to legend, there were some creatures that stalked the Grecian night, terrifying sleepers and harming them as they rested. Such a creature was the Lamia, who usually killed small children and attacked sleeping men. Lamia had her origins in Classical Greek folklore and legend. Some accounts say she has a serpent's tail below the waist. This popular description of her is largely due to a poem by John Keats composed in 1819 entitled "Lamia". The Greek word lamia means dangerous lone-shark. Such sharks were also referred to as ketea (sea-monsters). As such it is likely that she was identified with the monstrous sea-goddess Keto. Both Lamia (Lone-Shark) and Keto (Sea-Monster) were said to have spawned the monster Skylla (the Rending One). Another child of Lamia was the boy Akheilos (the Lipless One) who was transformed into a shark by the goddess Aphrodite.

Ilustration of Lamia

Later traditions referred to many lamiae; these were folkloric monsters similar to vampires and succubi that seduced young men and then fed on their blood. She was, according to tradition, the daughter of Belus and Libya and was a beautiful queen of the Libyan country. She was in fact so beautiful that the god Zeus fell in love with her and visited her nightly. She bore him a number of children, angering Zeus’s wife, the goddess Hera. In anger Hera slew all her children, driving Lamia mad and sending her to live in the caves of the desert. Soon her fabled beauty had drained away and she became an old and monstrous woman who preyed on small children, in retaliation for the loss of her own. Under cover of darkness she travelled between the Greek houses, killing whatever infants she could find and devouring their flesh. She had become almost similar to a wild animal and the mere mention of her name struck terror into the heart of every mother.

The Lamia attacked the old who were unlikely to defend themselves and, in the guise of a beautiful woman (which she was magically able to generate), she copulated with men as they slept. It was said, she was actually fuelled by unholy lusts. She drew the semen and bodily fluids, upon which she subsisted, from male sleepers, leaving them tired and exhausted in the morning.

Sources:
Encyclopedia of the Undead: "A Field Guide to the Creatures that Cannot Rest In Peace" by DR. Bob Curran;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lamia;
http://www.theoi.com/Ther/Lamia.html

Pic Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Topsell-91.jpg
20:04 | 0 komentar

The Cursed Candleholder of Ribe Cathedral

The cathedral in Ribe is perhaps the most impressive church in the country. Quite fitting one would say, for one of the oldest towns in Denmark. The cathedral is a strange mixture of heavy square towers and slim spires, and the surrounding town is absolutely steeped in legend. Also there is a cursed candleholder inside the Ribe Cathedral. The first stone cathedral was begun by Bishop Thur in 1110 and completed in 1134. Tufa stone was imported from Germany to build a permanent structure, since stone in the area was not available. The cathedral was built in the Romanesque style with half-rounded arches supporting a flat timber ceiling, a typical basilica style building patterned after churches in northern Germany. Late in the 12th century a magnificent main door way was carved for the cathedral. The relief above the door shows Jesus being taken down from the cross. In 1259 King Christoffer I of Denmark was buried at Ribe Cathedral.

The cursed candleholder inside the Ribe Cathedral

On the third pillar from the east on the south side of the central part of the Ribe Cathedral, there is a small brass candleholder. It doesn't look that special, but the inscription on it lays curse on anyone who moves it or uses it for anything but its original purpose. According to legend, it was put up by some purse-proud knights in the middle ages.

During renovation in the church in 1845, none of the workers dared to move it, but finally a young man said he would do it. Nothing happened at first, but a few minutes afterwards, when he climbed the scaffolding to continue what he was doing below the roof of the church, the whole structure collapsed, sending him to a messy death on the floor below. As the story goes, the candleholder went back up on the pillar very quickly.

Sources:
Paranormal Magazine Issue 56 February 2011: "Dane-lore: 10 of the weirdest sites in Denmark" by Dr. Lars Thomas;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ribe_Cathedral

Pic Source:
http://mcnycore.orangetest.com/C.aspx?VP3=CMS3&VF=SearchDetailPopupPage&VBID=24U4WNP3XMQ&PN=1&IID=2F3XC58LNJTC
17:56 | 0 komentar

Duppy Haunting

A duppy is a variety of malevolant spirit that may appear in either human or animal form. The term "duppy" is from African origin and, while it appears to have several related meanings, it's commonly applied to an order of supernatural being whose activities appear identical to those of the "Djinn" or poltergeist which are throw items.

Reverend Abraham J. Emerick, who undertook misionary work on the Jamaica from 1895 to 1905 explained to Jesuit ethnologist Joseph Wiliams that stone-throwing was one of the duppys favourite pastimes. Emerick described one case he had personally investigated at the Alva Mission in the Dry Harbour Mountains. Mysterious stone-throwing had occured for a week prior to his arrival, baffling the Mission school's teacher and other locals: "What mystified the people most and made them believe and say, that the stones were thrown not by human hands but by spirits... it broke the teachers's clock, glasses, etc., on a sideboard."

In June 1931, the Daily Gleaner featured an article with headline "Stone Throwing Ghost of Mount Horeb", detailing weird events at the house of 14 year old Muriel McDonald, who appeared to be the focus of a variety of strange phenomena. Stones were hurled by unseen hands, while household objects rose and moved of their own accord. Witnesses also claimed they have been pummelled by invisible fists.

In 1964, residents of Buff bay crowded into the yard of a small house in St George to wonder at stones, some weighing up to 2.3 kg, falling inside a house, smashing furniture and equipment. A 15 year old girl, seemed to be the centre of the duppy's attention, as the stones never fell when she was away.

In February 1987, large crowds travelled to the Aboukir district to witness similar stonings at an apartment building.

In 2008 there were reports of duppy haunting a community at Tivoli in West Kingston, Jamaica, and even a claim that it was photographed in the form of a black cloud. The video clip begins showing a handful of dancers on the top of a high-rise building in the community during one of their entertainment events. At about 12 seconds into the clip, a black mass is suddenly floating through a window in a section of the building.

A duppy leaving a Kingston building in the form of a black cloud

According to some local residents, the 'black mass' represents the spirit of one of three men residing at Tivoli Gardens who were shot and killed after they allegedly fired at a joint police/military team that raided the area on 13 January 2008. The dead men were identified as Fitzroy Daley (23), Conrad Francis (18), Oneil Palmer (22) and Ronaldo Mitchell (20) all of Tivoli Gardens addresses, were reportedly killed while in a house in a section of the community called Yankee Corner.

Following the deaths, there were reports of strange noises coming from sections of the area where no one lived, and an apparition shaped like a man, though his face was never seen as his back was always turned to observers.

On 20 April 2013, when household objects suddenly burst into flames and stones rained from the ceiling of her residence in Rose Hall, St Elizabeth, Jamaica, Desna Hanson (85) had no doubt as to the identity of her mysterious persecutor. She knew that she and her family were being targeted by a "Duppy".

Desna live with her husband, two daughters and 12 year old granddaughter. She said for 70 years she live in that house without experiencing anything strange until recently. Now, it seems inexplicable fires broke out throughout the house, sometimes several times a day. As well as clothing and bedding, a dressing table, refrigerator, bed, sofa and chairs were destroyed. Objects were thrown around or smashed. Stones seemed to materialise out of thin air and fall from near the ceiling.

The Hansons became convinced that the "duppy" or "duppies" was acting on behalf of other mortals who meant them harm. One local man they accused of throwing stones was taken into custody, but the attacks still continued. Sadly, on 16 July, Desna, the matriarch of the family, died. Desna's son, Cebert, told reporters that her death was the direct result of injuries she sustained while trying to dodge one of the duppy's flying stones. A small scrape had become gangrenous, leading to her losing a leg, and eventually her life.

Sources:

Fortean Times Magazine vol.308 December 2013: "Ghostwatch" written by Alan Murdie;
Fortean Times Magazine vol.308 December 2013: "Desna and the Duppy" written by Paul Cropper;
http://jamaica-star.com/thestar/20080318/news/news1.html

Pic Source:
Fortean Times Magazine vol. 308 December 2013 page 14
20:47 | 0 komentar

Mysterious Enormous Spider Webs Phenomenon

Strange phenomenon of trees & plants even crops are covered with enormous spider webs after the heavy rains or massive floods first occurred in Texas (2007), then in Pakistan (2010) and recently in Australia (2013). Interestingly, variety of spider species are working together to build the massive, sprawling web, according to Allen Dean, the entomologists who are studying the unusual formation in Texas. The weird part is, normally they are cannibalistic species and they live on different area with their separated webs, however after the heavy rains they can live together by combining their webs and sharing the foods.

In 2007, a massive spider web covering several trees, shrubs and the ground for over 200-yards over a trail at Lake Tawakoni State Park, about 45 miles east of Dallas. The late August of 2007 discovery of the unusually large web spurred led entomologists to question its origin and rarity because this weird phenomenon never happen before.

Lake Tawokoni State Park rangers Mike McCord (left), and Freddie Gowin monitor a giant communal spider web at the park near Willis Point, Texas (2007). AP Photo/Fort Worth Star-Telegram

Mike Quinn, a biologist for the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, collected spiders from the trees and sent them to Texas A&M. When they arrived, Allen Dean studied the 250 specimens and identified 12 families of spiders in the same web. He said the most prevalent type is from the Tetragnathidae family, which typically weave individual orb-shaped webs.

"Tetragnathidae are usually solitary spiders who build their own webs and mind their own business, here they are sharing a lot of foundation strands that are all over the place. They don't have individual webs anymore," said Arachnid expert Hank Guarisco, of Fort Hays State University in Hays, Kan.

In 2010, massive floods drove millions of spiders and possibly other insects into the trees to spin their webs at the village of Sindh, Pakistan. At that time, as the water has taken so long to recede, the trees quickly became covered in a coocoon of spider webs.

Beginning last July of 2010, unprecedented monsoons dropped nearly ten years' worth of rainfall on Pakistan in one week, swelling the country's rivers. Nearly 2,000 people died during the disaster and 20 million people were affected, according to the Pakistani government.

Trees covered with spider webs in the Pakistani village of Sindh (2010)
According to Russell Watkins, a multimedia editor with the U.K.'s Department for International Development (DFID), who photographed the trees during a trip to Pakistan last December, people in Sindh said they'd never seen this phenomenon before the flooding.

As for what exactly had spun the webs, Watkins said he didn't know what type of animal was responsible for the tree cocoons in Sindh. "It was largely spiders," he added. "Certainly, when we were there working, if you stood under one of these trees, dozens of small, very, very tiny spiders would just be dropping down onto your head."

According to scientists, the spiders likely collected in the trees after fleeing from the rising flood waters.

The unusual cocoons were a mixed blessing: The huge webs ultimately killed many of the trees they covered, perhaps by reducing the amount of sunlight reaching their leaves. But for a while, the webs also seemed to help trap more mosquitoes in the region, thereby reducing the risk of malaria, Watkins said.

Malaria and other mosquito-borne diseases became a serious concern in the region after the floods receded and left the landscape blanketed in stagnant water. But areas of Sindh with the most web-covered trees also have reported fewer cases of malaria. It's a strange fix for such a pervasive problem, but nature has an odd way of striking a balance.

Recently, in November 2013 after a massive flood in Australia, spiders have gathered on affected areas near trees, covering vegetation of thousands of cobwebs. Large groups of spiders have invaded some Australian cities and covered their crops and plants in a very strange way.

Spider webs covering the crops on a farmhouse in Australia (2013).
Photo: Daniel Munoz / Reuters


The unexplained phenomenon appeared after the heavy flood that the state of South Wales faced recently. Also there are other cities were affected by the same phenomenon such as in Wagga Wagga city, who lived difficult days with the floods and the city's residents left their homes because of the heavy waters of the River Murrbubedgee that flooded up and the city nearly sank under it. After their return to their homes, they noticed large areas of white tissue webs of spiders cover their crops which never happen before in this region. It is mentioned that other towns are also affected in the state of Victoria.

Sources:
http://www.dailygalaxy.com/my_weblog/2007/09/giant-spider-we.html;
09:38 | 0 komentar

Dadiwan Relics

In 2003, a group of Chinese archaeologists claiming that their nation’s roots can be traced back 8,000 to 10,000 years. While based on orthodox assumptions the first civilization appeared on earth about 5,000 years ago. They have unearthed several samples of China’s earliest painting, writing, colored pottery, crop seed strain specimen and buildings showing the development from a rural to an urban society at Dadiwan Ruins in northwest China’s Gansu province. These early cultural relics, so far unrecorded in any historical book, belong to five ancient periods dating back to 8,000 years ago. Prof. Li Xueqin, the prestigious researcher on the ancient history of China, said the discovery at Dadiwan Ruins suggested that the origins of China’s civilization could be far earlier than the Shang Dynasty (16th to 11th century B.C.) and even the Xia Dynasty (2200 B.C. - 1700 B.C.).

Dadiwan site is located 45 km east of the urban district of the Qin’an County, Gansu Province on the western Loess Plateau. It is 1,100,000 sq m in size and occupies the terrace and slow slope on the south bank of the Qingshui River–a distributary of the Wei River. Dadiwan is an enormous site, covering an area of over a million square meters.

After 20 years of excavation, study and collation, archeologists have made a series of significant breakthroughs regarding the Dadiwan relics of Qin'an, Gansu Province. The associate research fellow of Gansu Culture Relics Research Institute, Lang Shude, who took charge of the study, told reporters that the Dadiwan artifacts broke six Chinese archeological records. These finds are of great significance in understanding the historical progressions of the Neolithic Age in the Yellow River Valley and the origins of the entire Chinese nation. Until now, archeologist have found 240 houses, 98 cooking stove ruins, 325 pits and cellars to hold discarded materials, 71 mausoleums, 35 kilns and 12 irrigation canals and ditches, in which a total of 4,147 pieces of pottery, 1,931 stone artifacts (including jade artifacts), 2,218 bone, horn, teeth or mussel artifacts and 17,000 animal skeletons have been unearthed.


Artifacts from Dadiwan Dig site

According to Lang Shude, the report on Dadiwan archeology has recently been completed, passed an appraisal by specialists organized by the State Bureau of Cultural Relics, and is soon to be published. This study will pronounce the Dadiwan relics as "the cultural marvels of the Loess Plateau". The site thus was elected as one of the 100 most significant archaeological discoveries in China in the 20th century.

The relics of Dadiwan culture can be divided according to five periods: pre-Yangshao culture, the early, middle and late periods of Yangshao culture and early stage of Changshan culture, covering a period of 3,000 years from 6000 BC to 3000 BC. To date, this is thought to be the earliest evidence of Neolithic culture in northwest China.

According to Lang Shude's introduction, evidence of each of the most important aspects in Chinese archeology , agriculture, pottery-making, Chinese character writing, construction, and drawing , have been found.

To people's surprise, all these "first artifacts" have been discovered in only 1.34 % of total area of the Dadiwan site. "Dadiwan is a huge treasure trove of ancient culture. We are now only just scratching the surface," said Lang Shude.

Sources:
Atlantis Rising Magazine Vol. 38: "Chinese Relics Dated to Over 6 Millennia B.C.";
The Early Yangshao Settlement at Dadiwan, Qin’an County, Gansu Province Gansu Provincial by Institute of Antiquity and Archaeology;
http://www.china.org.cn/english/culture/48220.htm;
http://archaeology.about.com/od/dathroughdeterms/qt/dadiwan.htm

Pic Source:
Atlantis Rising Magazine Vol. 38: "Chinese Relics Dated to Over 6 Millennia B.C." page 13
16:55 | 0 komentar

Tujunga Canyon UFO Abductions Case

Several years before the famous alien abductions of Betty and Barney Hill, apparently there's also an abduction case by alien which occurred in 1953. It all started on March 22, 1953, when two women named Jan Whitley and Sara Shaw (pseudonyms) were asleep in the same cabin in a remote location in Tujunga Canyon, California. Around 2 a.m., they both woke up because their cabin interior were illuminated by a mysterious bright, blue light. They jumped up to investigate it, and then suddenly they lost their consciousness. When they woke up, two hours had passed and the strange blue light was already gone. Unfortunately, at the time, alien abductions were unheard of. Not knowing what happened, or whom to tell, they kept the event a secret for more than 20 years.

In 1975, Jan Whitley and Sara Shaw went to the NICAP UFO investigation, where they told their experience with the mysterious light. They had finally decided to tell their story, because abductions and missing time experiences had begun to appear in the media.

Under hypnosis, Sara recalled thin humanoid creatures in black garments who came into their room through a closed window and took them to a Saturn-shaped UFO hovering outside. 
Illustration of Saturn-Shaped UFO

Sara described her experience:
“I’m on the beam of light. I’m standing on it and it’s angled . . .it’s about the same angle as an escalator would be, except it doesn’t have ridges or steps. It’s just a very smooth, solid beam, and you just kind of stand in it.”

Shaw described one of the entities as being “not ugly to look at, or funny-looking, but they’re kind of funny in a way . . . his head is elongated. "It’s like an egg, but one that isn’t really wider at the top or the bottom.” 
She noticed that the entities were basically humanoid—tall and thin with large hairless heads. Said Sara, “If there’s any hair, it’s underneath this skin-tight–it’s like a ski mask, but it’s almost a part of the skin.”

Once inside the craft, they were examined and then were returned from the craft on a beam of light.

While Sara's friend, Jan was also floated out of the cabin, but unlike Sara, she fought against the abduction. That's why she was never able to see the beings. They were invisible to her, although she could feel their presence and was terrified. Sara's examination was performed by male entities, while female entities stood behind and watched. She was then given a tour of the ship.

“The inside of the ship is like one giant room, and there’s a second level above us. It has circular balconies . . . the balcony goes all the way around the entire inside.”

The craft was very clean and brightly lit. The entities didn’t speak but communicated telepathically. The two women were taken to separate rooms, laid out on tables, and given a thorough medical examination.

The aliens seemed particularly interested in an old surgical scar on Jan Whitley’s body. They told the women not to be afraid, that they wouldn’t hurt them. The E.T.s said that they had the ability to cure cancer, and that finally, they would meet again.

Afterwards, they were returned to their cabin with no conscious memory of the event. Later on, one of them would experience further abductions.

In 1956, Jan Whitley and her friend named Emily Cronin had another strange experience involving UFO. One night as they were driving to their home in Tujunga with Emily's young son in the back seat asleep, they pulled off into a rest stop. They decided to sleep there for a time due to the late hour and because of heavy truck traffic on the highway. At some point, they were awakened by a bright light and found themselves paralyzed, unable to move. After several long minutes, Emily managed to move one finger, which seemed to break the paralysis for both. They turned and drove back down the mountain to a cafe to regain their composure.

Under hypnosis in 1975, Emily recalled two tall, thin entities clad in black who emerged from a bright craft that hovered nearby and circled around the car. They seemed particularly interested in Emilys son, asleep in the back seat. The third entity then seemed to call the two to return to the craft. The craft took off at about the same time that Emily broke her paralysis. Once again, Jan had not seen the beings, although she awoke and felt the paralysis and saw the light, Later, Emily would be harassed by small white entities that wanted her to accompany them to an unknown place.

The case shocked the UFO community. At that point in time, only a few other cases were known. The idea that people could go inside UFOs was shocking, even to UFO investigators, and the idea that abductees would not even remember the experience was unthinkable.

By far the strangest aspect of UFOs are close encounters of the fourth kind, or cases in which people claim to have been taken onboard an alien craft. In some cases, people are only able to remember their encounter with the aid of hypnosis. In other cases, hypnosis is not necessary. It’s important to remember that the UFO phenomenon is still a mystery. While the main theory is that UFO occupants are extraterrestrials from other planets, that is not the only theory. Some UFO investigators believe that UFOs are interdimensional rather than extraterrestrial. They point out that UFOs can move at right angles and appear or disappear out of thin air. It is also possible that UFOs come not from outer space, but from the inner-earth, and that they, like humans, have evolved on this planet. Some abductees have even been told by the ETs that they are actually time travelers from the future.

Sources:
An Introduction to the Psychology of Paranormal Belief and Experience By Tony Jinks;
Mysteries, Legends, and Unexplained Phenomena: "UFOs and Aliens" by Preston Dennett;
http://thenightsky.org/tujunga.html

Pic Source:
http://highstrangenessshow.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/skyhookufo-150x150.png
07:54 | 0 komentar

Diary of Witchfinder General Trials

In 2010, a 350-year-old diary made public for the first time details the terror that faced the victims of Matthew Hopkins’ (the Witchfinder General) witch-hunts during the English Civil War. Between 1645 and 1647, historians believe the self-styled Witchfinder General's bloody crusade across East Anglia resulted in the executions of more than 100 women. The diary is written by Puritan Nehemiah Wallington, who tells how a supposed coven of witches was found in the village of Manningtree in the 1640s. It tells the story of a girl who had apparently admitted to 'carnal copulation with the Devil' after he'd appeared in her bedroom in the shape of a young man. The confession, by a young Essex girl named Rebecca West, implicated her mother, Anne, in witchcraft - saving her own life but condemning her mother to hang.

Matthew Hopkins (c. 1620 – 12 August 1647) was an English witch-hunter whose career flourished during the time of the English Civil War. He claimed to hold the office of Witchfinder General, although that title was never bestowed by Parliament. The work of Matthew Hopkins resulted in the execution of scores of innocent village women for allegedly consorting with the Devil.

Frontispiece from Matthew Hopkins' The Discovery of Witches (1647)

Hopkins' witch-finding career began in March 1644 and lasted until his retirement in 1647. During that period, he and his associates were responsible for more people being hanged for witchcraft than in the previous 100 years, and were solely responsible for the increase in witch trials during those years. He is believed to have been responsible for the deaths of 300 women between the years 1644 and 1646. The trials in Manningtree - Hopkins' home village are among the most notorious of his brutal campaign.

Suspicion had fallen on villager Elizabeth Clarke and Hopkins was appointed to question her in March 1645. She was also examined for 'devil's marks' like warts or moles. Tortured at Colchester Castle, Rebecca broke down and named several other women, including Anne West and her daughter Rebecca. They were already being blamed for deaths of two children.

Rebecca's dramatic account was given at their trial in Chelmsford in July 1645. Wallington writes: 'When she [Rebecca] looked upon the ground she saw herself encompassed in flames of fire and as soon as she was separated from her mother the tortures and the flames began to cease.

'As soon as her confession was fully ended she found her contience [sic] so satisfied and disburdened of all tortures she thought herself the happiest creature in the world.'

With no legal representation, all but Rebecca were found guilty, and a total of 19 women - including Clarke - went to the gallows.

The 350 year old diary of Witchfinder General Trials
Wallington is thought to have based his account on contemporary pamphlets. He died in 1658. Now, the old diary is kept at Tatton Hall, Cheshire and it is being made public by a team from Manchester University’s John Rylands Library who are ‘digitising’ the diary.

While Hopkins' demise is still a mystery, although much of his life is a well-recorded, open book. One account, by William Andrews a 19th Century writer on Essex folklore, asserts that Hopkins was charged with stealing a book containing a list of all the witches in England, which he purportedly obtained by means of sorcery. Hopkins declared his innocence, but an angry crowd forced him to undergo his own "swimming" trial. Some accounts say he drowned, while others say he floated and was condemned and hanged. However, no records of his trial exist.

According to local legend, Hopkins' ghost is said to haunt Mistley Pond. An apparition wearing 17th Century garments is apparently seen roving the locality, particularly on Friday nights near to the Witches Sabbats.

Sources:
Paranormal Magazine January 2011: "Civil War witch hunt detailed in old diary";
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1324522/400-year-old-diary-Witchfinder-General-trials-opened-public-time.html;
http://www.bbc.co.uk/legacies/myths_legends/england/essex/

Pic Source:
Paranormal Magazine January 2011: "Civil War witch hunt detailed in old diary" page 6;
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1324522/400-year-old-diary-Witchfinder-General-trials-opened-public-time.html
21:03 | 0 komentar

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